Empatia! I co z tego?

Autor

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/1733-8069.18.4.08

Słowa kluczowe:

wojna w Ukrainie, empatia, interakcjonizm symboliczny, fenomenologia, badania kontemplacyjne

Abstrakt

Artykuł dotyczy koncepcji empatii zastosowanej w eksperymencie kontemplacyjnym w celu zrozumienia cierpienia ofiar wojny w Ukrainie. Omówiono w nim koncepcję empatii w odniesieniu do perspektywy fenomenologicznej i symbolicznego interakcjonizmu. Dyskusja ta była autorowi potrzebna do osiągnięcia pewnej ramy interpretacyjnej wniosków z eksperymentu kontemplacyjnego, który przeprowadził ze studentami. W eksperymencie zastosowano kontemplacyjne metody badawcze. Studenci wykonywali autoobserwacje i autoraportowanie swoich przeżyć podczas oglądania zdjęć ofiar wojny i uchodźców z Ukrainy. Ćwiczenia oddechowe (pranajama) były praktykowane pomiędzy różnymi autoobserwacjami, aby oczyścić umysły i uwolnić napięcia. Na koniec eksperymentu studenci zostali również zapytani o deficyt empatii we współczesnym społeczeństwie i przedstawili swoje wnioski na ten temat. Na koniec podsumowano, w jaki sposób empatia jest wywoływana i ucieleśniana oraz odpowiedziano na pytanie, czy można być empatycznym wobec osób znajdujących się w zupełnie innej i w dodatku traumatycznej sytuacji. Artykuł kończy się stwierdzeniem, że empatia jest bezpośrednią reakcją na stan cierpienia innych ludzi. Jednak jest ona również ramowana społecznie. Autor stwierdza, że empatię można społecznie rozwijać, aby poradzić sobie z aktualnie występującym deficytem empatii.

Pobrania

Brak dostępnych danych do wyświetlenia.

Biogram autora

Krzysztof T. Konecki - University of Lodz, Poland

The author is a professor of sociology and works at the Institute of Sociology, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz. He is the editor-in-chief of “Qualitative Sociology Review” and holds the position of the President of the Polish Sociological Association, as well as is a member of the Committee of Sociology of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He has recently published the book titled The Meaning of Contemplation for Social Qualitative Research: Applications and Examples (London, NY: Routledge, 2022).

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Opublikowane

2022-11-30

Jak cytować

Konecki, K. T. (2022). Empatia! I co z tego?. Przegląd Socjologii Jakościowej, 18(4), 194–233. https://doi.org/10.18778/1733-8069.18.4.08

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