Vectors of development in higher education of Russia and Belarus: A comparative approach

Autor

  • Larissa G. Titarenko Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus, Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Department of Sociology https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5729-1430

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/1427-9657.08.09

Słowa kluczowe:

higher education system, Russian Federation, Republic of Belarus, internationalization, Bologna principles

Abstrakt

The article is devoted to the sphere of higher education in two former Soviet countries: Russia and Belarus . It is aimed to compare the systems of higher education in these countries under the angle of global and regional challenges . The article is based on national statistics from both states and survey data . The author analyses the ways that each of the countries’ practices to increase its educational competitiveness on the global level and adapt to the market conditions . It is described that both countries use such mechanisms in the sphere of higher education as an educational service for foreign students and membership in the educational associations (European and Eurasian) . The scale of the systems of higher education and their potential are described to explain the similarities and differences between the two countries. Three types of educational integration are described . The article concludes that the system of higher education in Belarus is currently developing in a way that differs from Russia and its achievements are much smaller; at the same time, regardless of the declarations on the necessity of internationalisation, current development leads Belarus further away from the European education system, while also not make it closer to Russia . A lack of resources and political dominance over the educational goals make the Belarusian system of higher education not as attractive for students as the Russian one .

Bibliografia

Abbasov, A. 2019. The emergence of Russian Branch Campuses in the Post-Soviet Space as Regional Integration Strategy. Higher Education in Russia and Beyond. Regionalism in Higher Education 1, pp. 13–14.
Google Scholar

Andrianova, E.B., Davydenko, V.A., Romashkina, G.F. 2019. O posledstvijah reform v obrazovanii (rezultaty konferencii «Obrazovanie, molodezh, konkurentosposobnost»). Sociological Studies 1, pp. 150–152.
Google Scholar

Aref’ev, A.L. 2018. Mezdunarodnoe obrazovanie v global’nom i rossiyskom izmerenii. In: Obrazovanie i nauka v Rossii: sostojanie i potencial razvitija. Sb.statej, vyp. 3, Moskva, pp. 301–327.
Google Scholar

Batjushko, V.I., Vetokhin, S.S. 2005. Tendencii i pervye resultaty Bolonskogo processa. Vysheyshaja shkola 5, pp. 4–12.
Google Scholar

Belaya kniga. 2018. Evropeyskie perspectivy belaruskago vysshego obrazovaniya,Vilnius: VŠĮ «Socialinės ir politinės ekspertizės agentūra».
Google Scholar

BELTA. 2018a. Belarus has all the conditions for the implementation of the University 3.0 model, http://www.belta.by/society/view/v-belarusi-sozdany-vse-uslovija-dlja-realizatsii-modeli-universitet-30-karpenko-286240–2018/ (accessed 20.04.2019).
Google Scholar

BELTA. 2018b. Rezoljucija II S’ezda uchenyh Respubliki Belarus, http://www.belta.by/printv/society/view/rezoljutsija-iisjezda-uchenyh-respubliki-belarus-284062–2018/ (accessed 11.01.2018).
Google Scholar

BELTA. 2019. BSU voshel v novuju versiju mirovogo reitinga universitetov THE. https://www.belta.by/society/view/bgu-voshel-v-novuju-versiju-mirovogo-rejtinga-universitetov-the-361755–2019/ (accessed 12.09.2019).
Google Scholar

Bogdan, N.I. 2018. Obrazovanie i nauka dlja innovatsionnogo razvitija stran EAES: Sravnitelnaja ocenka. In: Bolshaja Evrazija: razvitie, bezopasnost’, sotrudnichestvo, Moskva, pp. 582–585.
Google Scholar

Clark, B.R. 2011. Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: Organizational transformation direction. Moscow: Higher School of Economics.
Google Scholar

Conceptual’nye podkhody k razvitiju systemy obrazovaniyaRepubliki Belarus’ do 2020 goda I budushee vplot’ do 2030 goda. Prikaz Ministra Obrazovaniya Republiki Belarus’ ot 11/29/2017, http://edu.gov.by (accessed 12.02.2018).
Google Scholar

Erovenko, V.A. 2019. Social’ny process McDonaldizatsii: primer transformatisii mathematicheskogo obrazovanija. Alma Mater 2, pp. 15–19.
Google Scholar

Gaisenok, V.A., 2018. Systema vyschego obrazovaniya v Respublike Belarus: etapy razvitiya i tekushie zadachi. In: V. Kazarenkov (ed.). Vysshaya Schola: opyt, problem, Perspectivy: materialy XI Mezdunarodnoy nauchno-practicheskoy conferencii, Moskva, 1, pp. 23–26.
Google Scholar

Gaisenok, V.A., Naumovich, O.A., Samohval, V.V., Galynskiy, V.M., 2019. Mirovye reitingi vuzov: analyz rezultatov s uchetom profilja ih obrazovatelnoy i nauchnoy dejatelnosti. Higher Education in Russia 28(8–9), pp. 36–43.
Google Scholar

Gille-Belova, O. 2015. Beyond the Limits of the European Higher Education Area: The Case of Belarus. European Journal of Higher Education 5(1), pp. 83–95.
Google Scholar

Glebova, L.N., Gus’kova, M.V. 2012. Podhody k formirovaniju nezavisimoy ocenki kachestva professional’nogo obrazovania, Vyschee obrazovanie segodnja 4, pp. 2–5.
Google Scholar

Gusakov V. 2014. By 2030, Belarus will move to the sixth, highest technological order. Interview with Chairman of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus V. Gusakov from 09/30/2014, https://www.sb.by/articles/v-xxi-veke-veke-biotekhnologii-vazhno-ne-otstat-ot-liderov.html (accessed 25.06.2019).
Google Scholar

Huisman, J., Smolentseva, A., Froumin, I. eds. 2017. Twenty five years of transformations of higher education systems in post-soviet countries: reforms and continuity. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-52980-6

Human Development Reports. 2019. UNDP, http://hdr.undp.org/en/2018-update (accessed 15.03.2019).
Google Scholar

Independent Bologna Committee. 2014. Alternativniy doklad. Gotovnost belaruskogo vysshego obrazovaniya k vstupleniju v Evropeyskoe prostranstvo vysshego obrazovaniya, Minsk. http://bolognaby.org/images/uploads/2014/12/альтернатив-доклад-2.doc (accessed 10.10.2016).
Google Scholar

Karpenko, I.V. 2017. Konceptual’nie podhody k razvitiju systemy obrazovanija Respubliki Belarus. Zurnal Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Sociologija 3, pp. 44–47.
Google Scholar

Kirvel, Ch. 2018. Sovremennoe obrazovanie “v tiskah” liveral’no-rynochnogo extremizma. Zurnal Belorusskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Sociologiya 4, pp. 88–96.
Google Scholar

Kodeks Respubliki Belarus ob obrazovanii. 2011. Approved 13.01.2011 № 243–З, http://www.pravo.by/document/?guid=3871&p0=hk1100243 (accessed 20.03.2018).
Google Scholar

Kolesnichenko, N. 2019. Zachem Belarusi Universitet 3.0?, https://zautra.by/news/news-29965 (accessed 15.03.2019).
Google Scholar

Korzavina, N.P., Leongardt, V.A., Chikova, O.A. 2016. Konkurentosposobnost’ vuzov na rynke obrazovatel’nyh uslug i rynke truda: vzaimosvjaz’ komponentov i pokazateley. Pedagogicheskoe obrazovanie v Rossii 8, pp. 144–147.
Google Scholar

Marzaljuk, I. 2018. Kak postroit’ tsitadel’ pravdy, https://www.sb.by/articles/kak-postroit-tsitadel-pravdy.html (accessed 19.11.2018).
Google Scholar

Motova, G.N. 2018. Dvoynie standarty garantii kachestva obrazovanija: Rossia v Bolonskom process. Vyschee obrazovanie v Rossii 27(11), pp. 9–21.
Google Scholar

Obrazovanie v Respublike Belarus: 2018/2019 uchebniy god. 2018. Minsk: National Statistical Committee.
Google Scholar

Obrazovanie v tsifrah. 2018. Kratkiy statisticheskiy sbornik. Moskva: Vyschaya Shkola Economiki.
Google Scholar

Pashkevich, B. 2018. Implementation of the model of “University 3.0” GU VPO “Belarusian-Russian University”. Vysheyshaja Schkola 6, pp. 21–23.
Google Scholar

Poleshuk, O.D., Ridiger, A.V. 2018. Opyt realizacii programmy vneshney mezdunarodnoy akademicheskoy mobilnosti Minobrnauki Rossii. In: Obrazovanie i nauka v Rossii: sostojanie i potencial razvitiya, Sbornik statey, 3. Moskva, pp. 402–408.
Google Scholar

Popova, E.P., Klimova, A.V. 2018. Russian universities: organizational specifics and development benchmarks choice. Sociological Studies 2, pp. 63–72.
Google Scholar

Putin. 2019. Nam neobhodimy specialist, sposobnye rabotat na peredovyh proizvodstvah, sozdavat i ispolzovat proryvnye technicheskie reshenija. Higher education today 3, pp. 2–4.
Google Scholar

Sabzalieva, E. 2019. Looking East: Russian regional educational cooperation with Asia, Higher Education in Russia and Beyond. Regionalism in Higher Education 1, pp. 7–8.
Google Scholar

Sechko, N., Romanova, S. 2017. Effectiveness of youth policy model in belarus at the contemporary stage of development. Management Theory and Studies for Rural Business and Infrastructure Development 39(1), pp. 86–99.
Google Scholar

Spasjuk, Е. 2014. Belorusskoe vyschee obrazovanie: pochemu kolichestvo ne perehodit v kachestvo?, https://news.tut.by/society/424109.html (accessed 14.03.2019).
Google Scholar

Titarenko, L. 2019. Higher Education Regionalism in Belarus: varieties of initiatives and arrangements. Higher Education in Russia and Beyond. Regionalism in Higher Education 1, pp. 6–7.
Google Scholar

Titarenko, L., Zaslavskaya, M. eds. 2019. Modernizatsiya system vyschego obrazovaniya Belarusi is Armenii v kontekste processov Evraziyskoy I Evropeyskoy integracii. Minsk: BSU publishing house.
Google Scholar

Viktor Sadovnichii: “Ne soglashus chto v MGU net democratii”, https://www.vedomosti.ru/politics/characters/2019/11/27/817221-viktor-sadovnichii-ne-soglashus (accessed 28.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Zakon Respubliki Belarus “Ob obrazovanii”, 1991. Approved 29.10.1991 № 1202-XII, http://pravo.levonevsky.org/bazaby/zakon/text39/index.htm (accessed 15.04.2014).
Google Scholar

Zborovsky, G.E. 2018. Modernizatsija obrazovanija skvoz’ prizmu socialnoy politiki. Zurnal issledovaniy socialnoy politiki 8(1), pp. 87–104.
Google Scholar

Zborovsky, G.E., Ambarova, P.A. 2019. Mechta o horoshem obrazovanii: protivorechija razvitija obrazovatel’nih obshnostey v rossiyskih universitetah. Mir Rossii 28(2), pp. 98–124.
Google Scholar

Opublikowane

2019-12-30

Jak cytować

Titarenko, L. G. (2019). Vectors of development in higher education of Russia and Belarus: A comparative approach. Eastern Review, 8, 9–29. https://doi.org/10.18778/1427-9657.08.09

Numer

Dział

Articles