Challenges for Ukraine’s cyber security: National dimensions

Autor

  • Pavlo Katerynchuk Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine, Department of International Information https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0579-3321

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/1427-9657.08.05

Słowa kluczowe:

cyberspace, cyber security, hacker attacks, information security

Abstrakt

The usage of information as a weapon in the foreign and domestic policies of Russia is not a new phenomenon. Still, the sophistication and intensity of it grow with each passing year. Recently the EU and USA have realized the powerful latent influence of Russian media and propaganda, including on electoral processes and the activities of State administration. They have realized that Russian disinformation poses a serious threat to the United States and its European allies, first and foremost with regard to Poland, the Baltic States and Ukraine. Moreover, unlike Soviet propaganda, the modern methods of the Russian information war do not rudely promote the agenda of the Kremlin. Instead, they aim to confuse, daze and divert citizens from supporting the EU and Ukraine. Russia seeks to undermine the support for European values; producing disarray among European allies in order to increase its influence. Ethnic, linguistic, regional, social and historical contradictions and stereotypes are used for this purpose. As current experience shows, Russian advocacy efforts in Europe make up an important part of their hybrid approach to the projection of force. Despite the fact that the crisis in Ukraine for the first time drew the attention of the West to the importance and real meaning of the information campaign in Russia, the Kremlin’s use of disinformation was launched long before the crisis. Russia carefully and purposefully prepared an information war against Ukraine.

Bibliografia

Bajak, F., Satter, R. 2017. Companies still hobbled from fearsome cyberattack. USNews. 30.06.2017, https://www.usnews.com/news/business/articles/2017–06–30/companies-still-hobbled-from-fearsome-cyberattack (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Borys, C. 2017. Ukraine braces for further cyber-attacks. BBC News. 26.07.2017, https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-40706093 (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

CShA takozh zvynuvatyly u virusi NotPetya Rosiyu. 2018. BBC. 16.02.2018, https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/news-43082212 (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Cyber-attack was about data and not money, say experts. 2017. BBC News. 29.06.2017, https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-40442578 (accessed 11.11.2020).
Google Scholar

Dubov, D. 2014. Na︠t︡sional’nyĭ Instytut Stratehichnykh Doslidz︠ ︡hen’, https://niss.gov.ua/sites/default/files/2015–02/Dubov_mon-89e8e.pdf (accessed 18.01.2020).
Google Scholar

FBI thwarts potential cyberattack on Ukraine. 2018. Deutsche Welle. 24.05.2018, http://www.dw.com/en/fbi-thwarts-potential-cyberattack-on-ukraine/a-43905916 (accessed 11.11.2020).
Google Scholar

Finkle, J., Chiacu, D. 2018. U.S., Britain blame Russia for global cyber attack. REUTERS. 16.04.2018, https://www.reuters.com/article/u-s-usa-britain-cyber/u-s-britain-blame-russia-for-global-cyber-attack-idUSKBN1HN2CK (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Kiberpoliciya otrymala 194 odynyci special’noho obladnannya dlya protydiyi kiberzahrozam. 2017. Ministerstvo vnutrishnix sprav Ukrayiny. 19.07.2017, http://mvs.gov.ua/ua/news/9208_Kiberpoliciya_otrimala_194_odinic_specialnogo_obladnannya_dlya_protidii_kiberzagrozam_FOTO_VIDEO.htm (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Maksym Rozumnyĭ and Nat︠sional’nyĭ Instytut Stratehichnykh Doslidz︠hen’. 2018. Rez︠hym Putina : perezavantaz︠h︡enni︠a︡ – 2018, Kyyiv: Nat︠sionalʹnyĭsInstytut Stratehichnykh Doslidz︠hen’.
Google Scholar

Marsh, S. 2018. US joins UK in blaming Russia for NotPetya cyber-attack. The Guardian. 15.02.2018, https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/feb/15/uk-blames-russia-notpetya-cyber-attack-ukraine (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Mason, R. 2017. Theresa May accuses Russia of interfering in elections and fake news. The Guardian. 14.11.2017, https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2017/nov/13/theresa-may-accuses-russia-of-interfering-inelections- (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

McKew, M. 2017. A killing in Kiev shows how the West continues to fail Ukraine. The Washington Post. 27.06.2017, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/democracy-post/wp/2017/06/27/a-killing-in-kiev-shows-how-the-west-continues-to-failukraine/ (accessed 18.01.2020).
Google Scholar

Nakashima, E. 2018. Russian military was behind ‘NotPetya’ cyberattack in Ukraine, CIA concludes. The Washington Post. 12.01.2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/russian-military-was-behind-notpetya-cyberattack-in-ukraine-cia-concludes/2018/01/12/048d8506-f7ca-11e7-b34a-b85626af34ef_story.html (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

The National Military Strategy of the United States of America: A Strategy for Today; A Vision for Tomorrow 2004, http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Mar2005/d20050318nms.pdf (accessed 18.03.2020).
Google Scholar

Nimechchyna zvynuvatyla Rosiyu v kiberataci na uryadovi merezhi. 2018. ТСН. 11.04.2018, https://tsn.ua/svit/nimechchina-zvinuvatila-rosiyu-v-kiberataci-na-uryadovi-merezhi-1138362.html (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Parahons’kij, B.O., Javors’ka, G.M. 2019. Ontolohiya vijny i myru: bezpeka, stratehiya, smysl: monohrafiya. Kyyiv: NISD, https://niss.gov.ua/sites/default/files/2019–07/Monografiya_Ontologiya_print.pdf (accessed 11.11.2020).
Google Scholar

Polityuk, P. 2017. Ukraine points finger at Russian security services in recent cyber attack. Reuters. 1.07.2017, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-attack-ukraine/ukraine-points-finger-at-russian-security-services-in-recent-cyber-attack-idUSKBN19M39P (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Prezydent zatverdyv Stratehiyu kiberbezpeky Ukrayiny. 16 bereznya 2016. 2016. Prezydent Ukrayiny: oficijne internet-predstavnyctvo, http://www.mil.gov.ua/news/2016/03/16/prezident-zatverdiv-strategiyu-kiberbezpeki-ukraini--/ (accessed 11.11.2020).
Google Scholar

Pro osnovni zasady zabezpechennya kiberbezpeky Ukrayiny. Zakon Ukrayiny № 2163-VIII vid 5.10.2017. 2017. Vidomosti Verxovnoyi Rady, https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2163–19 (accessed 11.11.2020).
Google Scholar

Pro utvorennya terytorial’noho orhanu Nacional’noyi policiyi: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrayiny 2015. Uryadovyj kur’yer 831, p. 195.
Google Scholar

Soshnikov, A. 2017. Inside a pro-Russia propaganda machine in Ukraine. BBC Russian. 13.11.2017, https://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-trending-41915295 (accessed 18.01.2020).
Google Scholar

Ukraine Security Service Blames Russia For Recent Cyberattack. 2017. Radio Free Europe. 1.07.2017, https://www.rferl.org/a/cyberattack-ukraine-blames-russia/28589606.html (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Uryad Brytaniyi zvynuvatyv Rosiyu u kiberataci na Ukrayinu. 2018. BBC. 15.02.2018, https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/news-43069110 (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Warsaw Summit Communiqué. Issued by the Heads of State and Government participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Warsaw 8–9 July 2016. 2016. NATO. 6.07.2016,: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_133169.htm?selectedLo-cale=en (accessed 11.11.2019).
Google Scholar

Opublikowane

2019-12-30

Jak cytować

Katerynchuk, P. (2019). Challenges for Ukraine’s cyber security: National dimensions. Eastern Review, 8, 137–147. https://doi.org/10.18778/1427-9657.08.05

Numer

Dział

Articles