Planning sustainable tourism in UNESCO wine regions: the case of the Langhe-Roero and Monferrato area

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.06

Keywords:

UNESCO, wine regions, landscape planning, spatial planning, sustainable tourism

Abstract

Tourism may be an important leverage for local development. At the same time, it may trigger unwanted effects, ranging from the congestion of services and infrastructures to the progressive deterioration of the assets that they plan to valorise. The article sheds light on this tension, discussing the multiple implications that increasing tourism fluxes generate in the vineyard landscape of Langhe-Roero and Monferrato, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2014. The case study highlights the need to coordinate and enhance coherence among the existing planning and management instruments, towards the consolidation of a multi-level integrated territorial governance framework aimed at the sustainable spatial planning of tourism in the area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ADIE, B. A., FALK, M. and SAVIOLI, M. (2020), ‘Overtourism as a perceived threat to cultural heritage in Europe’, Current Issues in Tourism, 23 (14), 1737–1741. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2019.1687661
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2019.1687661

AREZKI, M. R., CHERIF, R. and PIOTROWSKI, J. M. (2009), Tourism specialization and economic development: Evidence from the UNESCO World Heritage List, International Monetary Fund.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1457599

ASSUMMA, V. (2021), Assessing the Resilience of Socio-Ecological Systems to Shape Scenarios of Territorial Transformation, Ph.D. Thesis, Politecnico di Torino.
Google Scholar

ASSUMMA, V. and VENTURA, C. (2014), ‘Role of Cultural Mapping within Local Development Processes: A Tool for the Integrated Enhancement of Rural Heritage’, Advanced Engineering Forum, 11, pp. 495–502, DOI:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AEF.11.495
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AEF.11.495

ASSUMMA, V., BOTTERO, M. and MONACO, R. (2019), ‘Landscape Economic Attractiveness: An Integrated Methodology for Exploring the Rural Landscapes in Piedmont (Italy)’, Land 2019, 8 (7), p. 105. https://doi.org/10.3390/land8070105
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/land8070105

BASSO, M. and FREGOLENT, L. (2021), ‘Fighting Against Monocultures: Wine-Growing and Tourism in the Veneto Region’, [in:] Social Movements and Public Policies in Southern European Cities, pp. 151–165. Cham: Springer.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-52754-9_9

BEETON, S. (2005), ‘The case study in tourism research: A multi-method case study approach’, Tourism research methods: Integrating theory with practice, 37, 48.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851999968.0037

BERISHA, E., CAPRIOLI, C. and COTELLA, G. (2022), ‘Unpacking SDG target 11. a: What is it about and how to measure its progress?’, City and Environment Interactions, 14, 100080. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cacint.2022.100080
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cacint.2022.100080

BERISHA, E., COTELLA, G., JANIN RIVOLIN, U. and SOLLY, A. (2021), ‘Spatial governance and planning systems in the public control of spatial development: a European typology’, European planning studies, 29 (1), pp. 181–200. https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2020.1726295
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09654313.2020.1726295

BOHÁČ, A. and DRÁPELA, E. (2022), ‘Overtourism Hotspots: Both a Threat and Opportunity for Rural Tourism’, European Countryside, 14 (1), pp. 157–179. https://doi.org/10.2478/euco-2022-0009
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/euco-2022-0009

BRUWER, J. and RUEGER-MUCK, E. (2019), ‘Wine tourism and hedonic experience: A motivation-based experiential view’, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 19 (4), pp. 488–502. https://doi.org/10.1177/1467358418781444
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1467358418781444

CASSATELLA, C. (2015), ‘Landscape scenic values. Protection and management from a spatial planning perspective’, [in:] GAMBINO, R. and PEANO, A. (eds.), Nature Policies and Landscape Policies: Towards an Alliance, Dordrecht: Springer, pp. 341–351. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-05410-0
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05410-0_39

CASSATELLA, C. and BONAVERO F. (eds.) (2020), Guide transfrontalier pour la conservation et la réhabilitation des paysages viticoles alpins/Guida transfrontaliera per la conservazione e il recupero dei paesaggi viticoli alpine, Politecnico di Torino, http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2830645
Google Scholar

CASSATELLA, C., BONAVERO, F. and SEARDO, B. M. (2021), ‘Les paysages viticoles alpins: clés d’interprétation et attributions de valeurs | I paesaggi viticoli alpini: categorie interpretative e riconoscimenti di valore’, [in:] Guide transfrontalier pour la conservation et la réhabilitation des paysages viticoles alpins | Guida transfrontaliera per la conservazione e il recupero dei paesaggi viticoli alpine, Politecnico di Torino, pp. 8–11. http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2830645
Google Scholar

CAUST, J. and VECCO, M. (2017), ‘Is UNESCO World Heritage recognition a blessing or burden? Evidence from developing Asian countries’, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 27, pp. 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2017.02.004
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2017.02.004

CEC – COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES (2019), The European Green Deal, European Commission 53, 24. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

COTELLA, G. and BERISHA, E. (2021), ‘Inter-Municipal Spatial Planning as a Tool to Prevent Small-Town Competition: The Case of the Emilia-Romagna Region’, [in:] BANSKY, J., (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Small Towns, London: Routledge, pp. 313–329.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003094203-27

COTELLA, G., JANIN RIVOLIN, U. and SANTANGELO, M. (2015), ‘Transferring good territorial governance in Europe: opportunities and barriers’, [in:] SCHMIDT, P. and VAN WELL, L. (eds.), Territorial governance across Europe: Pathways, practices and prospects, London: Routledge, pp. 238–253. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315716220
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315716220

COTELLA, G. and VITALE BROVARONE, E. (2021a), ‘Rethinking urbanisation after COVID-19. What role for the EU cohesion policy’, Town Planning Review, 92 (3), pp. 411–418. https://dx.doi.org/10.3828/tpr.2020.54
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.3828/tpr.2020.54

COTELLA, G. and VITALE BROVARONE, E. (2021b), ‘Questioning urbanisation models in the face of Covid-19’, TeMA-Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, pp. 105–118. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/6913
Google Scholar

COTELLA, G. and VITALE BROVARONE, E. (2022), ‘Can tourism tackle marginalisation effectively? The case of the Italian National Strategy for Inner Areas’, European Spatial Research and Policy, 29 (2), pp. 59–77. https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.04
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.04

DE URIOSTE-STONE, S., MCLAUGHLIN, W. J., DAIGLE, J. J. and FEFER, J. P. (2018), ‘Applying case study methodology to tourism research’, [in:] Handbook of research methods for tourism and hospitality management, pp. 407–427, Edward Elgar Publishing.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781785366284.00042

DEL BALDO, M. and DEMARTINI, P. (2021), ‘Cultural heritage through the «youth eyes»: Towards participatory governance and management of UNESCO sites’, [in:] Cultural Initiatives for Sustainable Development, pp. 293–319, Cham: Springer.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65687-4_14

DI GIOVINE, M. A. (2008), The heritage-scape: UNESCO, world heritage, and tourism, Lexington Books.
Google Scholar

DODDS, R. and BUTLER, R. (2019), ‘The phenomena of overtourism: A review’, International Journal of Tourism Cities, 5 (4), pp. 519–528. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJTC-06-2019-0090
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJTC-06-2019-0090

EVANS, J., KARVONEN, A., LUQUE-AYALA, A., MARTIN, C., MCCORMICK, K., RAVEN, R. and PALGAN, Y. V. (2019), ‘Smart and sustainable cities? Pipedreams, practicalities and possibilities’, Local Environment, 24 (7), pp. 557–564. https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2019.1624701
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13549839.2019.1624701

FONDAZIONE CRC (2014), ‘I quadri della Fondazione della Cassa di Risparmio di Cuneo. Langhe e Roero’, Tradizione e Innovazione, 22. https://www.fondazionecrc.it/index.php/analisi-e-ricerche/quaderni/23-q22/file
Google Scholar

GOTTERO, E. and CASSATELLA, C. (2017), ‘Landscape indicators for rural development policies. Application of a core set in the case study of Piedmont Region’, Environmental Impact Assessment Review 65, pp. 75–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2017.04.002
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2017.04.002

GULLINO, P. and LARCHER, F. (2013), ‘Integrity in UNESCO World Heritage Sites. A comparative study for rural landscapes’, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 14 (5), pp. 389–395. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2012.10.005
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2012.10.005

IPCC (2019), Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, Ipcc - Sr15. https://www.ipcc.ch/sr15/
Google Scholar

JONES, G. V., and WEBB, L. B. (2010), ‘Climate change, viticulture, and wine: challenges and opportunities’, Journal of Wine Research, 21 (2–3), pp. 103–106. https://doi.org/10.1080/09571264.2010.530091
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09571264.2010.530091

KRAJÍČKOVÁ, A. and NOVOTNÁ, M. (2020), ‘Unsustainable imbalances in tourism development? Case study of Mikulov region (Czech Republic)’, Sostenibilidad Turística: overtourism vs undertourism, pp. 567–579.
Google Scholar

LEŚNIEWSKA-NAPIERAŁA, K., PIELESIAK, I. and COTELLA, G. (2022), Foreword, European Spatial Research and Policy, 29 (2) pp. 9–15. https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.01
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.01

LIBURD, J. J. and BECKEN, S. (2017), Stewardship Values in Tourism, Innovation and UNESCO World Heritage Governance: The Great Barrier Reef and the Danish Wadden Sea.
Google Scholar

LO PICCOLO, F., LEONE, D. and PIZZUTO, P. (2012), ‘The (controversial) role of the UNESCO WHL Management Plans in promoting sustainable tourism development’, Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 4 (3), pp. 249–276. https://doi.org/10.1080/19407963.2012.711087
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19407963.2012.711087

LOULANSKI, T. and LOULANSKI, V. (2011), ‘The sustainable integration of cultural heritage and tourism: A meta-study’, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 19 (7), pp. 837–862. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2011.553286
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2011.553286

LOURENÇO-GOMES, L., PINTO, L. M. and REBELO, J. (2015), ‘Wine and cultural heritage. The experience of the Alto Douro Wine Region’, Wine Economics and Policy, 4 (2), pp. 78–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wep.2015.09.001
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wep.2015.09.001

MORIONDO, M., JONES, G. V., BOIS, B., DIBARI, C., FERRISE, R., TROMBI, G. and BINDI, M. (2013), ‘Projected shifts of wine regions in response to climate change’, Climatic Change, 119 (3), pp. 825–839. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-013-0739-y
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-013-0739-y

MOZELL, M. R. and THACH, L. (2014), ‘The impact of climate change on the global wine industry: Challenges & solutions’, Wine Economics and Policy, 3 (2), pp. 81–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wep.2014.08.001
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wep.2014.08.001

PANZER-KRAUSE, S. (2019), ‘Networking towards sustainable tourism: Innovations between green growth and degrowth strategies’, Regional Studies, 53 (7), pp. 927–938. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2018.1508873
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2018.1508873

PETTENATI, G. (2019), I paesaggi culturali UNESCO in Italia. Nuove Geografie. Strumenti di lavoro, FrancoAngeli, Milano.
Google Scholar

REGIONE PIEMONTE (2015), Linee guida per l’adeguamento dei piani regolatori e dei regolamenti edilizi alle indicazioni di tutela per il sito UNESCO, approved with D.G.R. 26-2131, 21 Sep 2015. http://www.regione.piemonte.it/territorio/dwd/paesaggio/linee_guida_Unesco.pdf [accessed on: July 2022]
Google Scholar

RETE RURALE NAZIONALE (2011), La Governance dello sviluppo locale nelle Langhe. https://www.reterurale.it/flex/cm/pages/ServeAttachment.php/L/IT/D/8%252F2%252Fd%252FDf63599ce0e6b91dacdf5/P/BLOB%3AID%3D6090/E/pdf [accessed on: 17.07.2022].
Google Scholar

RYE, J. F. (2006), ‘«Rural Youths» Images of the Rural’, Journal of Rural Studies, 22 (4), pp. 409–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2006.01.005
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2006.01.005

SAARINEN, J. and GILL, A. M. (eds.) (2018), Resilient destinations and tourism: Governance strategies in the transition towards sustainability in tourism, Routledge.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315162157

SANTERAMO, F. G., SECCIA, A. and NARDONE, G. (2017), ‘The synergies of the Italian wine and tourism sectors’, Wine Economics and Policy, 6 (1), pp. 71–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wep.2016.11.004
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wep.2016.11.004

SOLLY, A., BERISHA, E. and COTELLA, G. (2021), ‘Towards sustainable urbanization. Learning from what’s out there’, Land, 10 (4), p. 356. https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040356
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/land10040356

TERKENLI, T. S. (2014), ‘Landscapes of Tourism’, [in:] Lew, A. A., Hall, C. M., and Williams, A. M. (eds.), The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Tourism, Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118474648.ch22

TESFU, F., WELDEMARIAM, T. and ASERSIE, M. (2018), ‘Impact of human activities on biosphere reserve: A case study from Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwest Ethiopia’, International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 10 (7), pp. 319–326. DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1005
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/IJBC2016.1005

TIEN, N. H., DUNG, H. T., VU, N. T., DOAN, L. and DUC, M. (2019), ‘Risks of unsustainable tourism development in Vietnam’, International Journal of Research in Finance and Management, 2 (2), pp. 81–85.
Google Scholar

TRIŠIĆ, I., PRIVITERA, D., ŠTETIĆ, S., PETROVIĆ, M. D., RADOVANOVIĆ, M. M., MAKSIN, M. and LUKIĆ, D. (2022), ‘Sustainable Tourism to the Part of Transboundary UNESCO Biosphere Reserve «Mura-Drava-Danube.» A Case of Serbia, Croatia and Hungary’, Sustainability, 14 (10), p. 6006. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106006
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106006

TURRI, E. (2004), Il paesaggio e il silenzio, Marsilio, Venezia.
Google Scholar

TYRVÄINEN, L. and MIETTINEN, A. (2000), ‘Property prices and urban forest amenities’, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 39, pp. 205–223. https://doi.org/10.1006/jeem.1999.1097
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jeem.1999.1097

UNESCO (2003), The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. https://ich.unesco.org/doc/src/01852-EN.pdf [accessed on: 07.2022].
Google Scholar

UNITED NATIONS (2015), Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. A/RES/70/1. United Nations. https://sdgs.un.org/2030agenda [accessed on: 07.2022].
Google Scholar

VALLE, M. and SOLDANO, S. (2017), Monitorare il sito Unesco dei paesaggi vitivinicoli di Langhe, Roero e Monferrato, http://www.regione.piemonte.it/fsc/dwd/2017/UNESCO_vitivinicoli_16_06_2017.pdf [accessed on: 07.2022].
Google Scholar

VAN DER HEIDE, C. M. and HEIJMAN, W. J. M. (2013), The Economic Value of Landscapes, London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203076378
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203076378

VITALE BROVARONE, E., COTELLA, G. and STARICCO, L. (2022), Rural Accessibility in European Regions, London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003083740
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003083740

WORLD HERITAGE COMMITTEE (2014), ‘Vineyards Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato’, Candidacy Dossier, 1–2.
Google Scholar

YIN, R. K. (1992), ‘The case study method as a tool for doing evaluation’, Current Sociology, 40 (1), pp. 121–137.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/001139292040001009

Downloads

Published

2022-11-17

How to Cite

Assumma, V., Bottero, M., Cassatella, C., & Cotella, G. (2022). Planning sustainable tourism in UNESCO wine regions: the case of the Langhe-Roero and Monferrato area. European Spatial Research and Policy, 29(2), 93–113. https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.06

Issue

Section

Articles

Funding data

  • Erasmus+
    Grant numbers 2019-1-PL01-KA203-064946

Most read articles by the same author(s)