Can economic stress affect secondary sex ratio in Poland?

Authors

  • Elżbieta Żądzińska Department of Anthropology, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Łódź, Poland
  • Iwona Rosset Department of Anthropology, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Łódź, Poland
  • Czesław Domański Department of Statistical Methods, University of Lodz, Rewolucji 1905 r. 41/43, 90-214 Łódź, Poland
  • Bogusław Pawłowski Institute of Anthropology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kuźnicza 35, 50-951 Wrocław, Poland; Department of Anthropology, University of Wroclaw, Kuźnicza 35, 50-138 Wrocław, Poland
  • Artur Mikulec Department of Statistical Methods, University of Lodz, Rewolucji 1905 r. 41/43, 90-214 Łódź, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2478/v10044-008-0005-5

Keywords:

proportion of male live births, SSR, human sex ratio, total private consumption

Abstract

The ratio of male to female births described as the male proportion is expected to be about 1.06. The secondary sex ratio can be influenced by various stresses experienced by parents (e.g., parents' exposure to chemical and physical pollution, natural phenomena, wars and economic crises). The seminal study in this field speculated that fewer goods and services than needed or desired might sufficiently stress human populations to lower the secondary sex ratio. The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between economic stress and the fluctuations of sex ratio at birth in Poland. The statistical analysis was based on annual demographic data obtained from year-books issued by the Central Statistical Office on the overall number of male and female live births in Poland in the years 1956-2005 as well as on the annual data of percentage change in total private consumption. In order to verify the hypothesis that the observed time-series of the secondary sex ratio in Poland declines with deterioration in economic conditions, we constructed mathematical models (ARIMA) of both analyzed phenomena following the statistical procedure proposed by Catalano and Bruckner [2005]. We found a statistically significant decline of SSR in Poland over the last 50 years. The decrease appeared to be stronger in villages than in towns. However, the consumption rate as related to the strength of economic stress had no effect on the fluctuation of the sex ratio at birth.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Box G.E.P., G.M. Jenkins, 1983, Analiza szeregów czasowych: prognozowanie i sterowanie, PWN, Warszawa.
View in Google Scholar

Byrne J., D. Warburton, 1987, Male excess among anatomically normal fetuses in spontaneous abortions, Am. J. Med. Genet., 26, 605-611.
View in Google Scholar

Cagnacci A., A. Renzi, S. Arangino, C. Alessandrini, A. Volpe, 2004, Influences of maternal weight on the secondary sex ratio of human offspring, Hum. Reprod., 19, 442-444.
View in Google Scholar

Catalano R., 2003, Sex ratios in the two Germanies: a test of the economic stress hypothesis, Hum. Reprod., 18, 1972-1975.
View in Google Scholar

Catalano R., T. Bruckner, 2005, Economic antecedens of the Swedish sex ratio, Soc. Science and Medicine, 60, 537-543.
View in Google Scholar

Catalano R., E. Bruckner, J. Gould, B. Eskenazi, E. Anderson, 2005, Sex ratios in California following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Hum. Reprod., 20, 1221-1227.
View in Google Scholar

Catalano R., H.T. Hansen, T. Hartig, 1999, The ecological effect of unemployment on the incidence of very low birthweight in Norway and Sweden, J. Health Soc. Behav., 40, 422-428.
View in Google Scholar

Dougherty C.R., A.D. Jones, 1982, The determinants of birth weight, Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 144, 190-200.
View in Google Scholar

Figa-Talamanca I., Carbone P., Lauria L., Spinelli A., Ulizzi L., 2003, Environmental factors and the proportion of males at birth in Italy, Arch. Environ. Health, 58, 119-124.
View in Google Scholar

Fukuda M., K. Fukuda, T. Shimizu, W. Yomura, S. Shimizu, 1996, Kobe earthquake and reduced sperm motility, Hum. Reprod., 11, 1244-1246.
View in Google Scholar

Fukuda M., K. Fukuda, T. Shimizu, H. Moller, 1998, Decline in sex ratio at birth after Kobe earthquake, Hum. Reprod., 13, 2321-2322.
View in Google Scholar

Graffelman J., R.F. Hoekstra, 2000, A statistical analysis of the effect of warfare on the human secondary sex ratio, Hum. Biol., 72, 433-445.
View in Google Scholar

Grant V.J., 1996, Sex determination and the maternal dominance hypothesis, Hum. Reprod., 11, 2371-2375.
View in Google Scholar

Grant V.J., S. Yang, 2003, Achieving women and declining sex ratios, Hum. Biol., 75, 917-927.
View in Google Scholar

Gutierrez-Adan A., B. Pintado, J. De La Fuenta, 2000, Demographic and behavioral determinants of the reduction of male-to-female birth ratio in Spain from 1981 to 1997, Hum. Biol., 72, 891-898.
View in Google Scholar

Hassold T., S.D. Quillen, J.A. Ymane, 1983, Sex ratio in spontaneous abortions, Ann. Hum. Genet., 47, 39-47.
View in Google Scholar

Henneberg M., 1977, Ocena dynamiki biologicznej wielkopolskiej dziewiętnastowiecznej populacji wiejskiej I. Ogólna charakterystyka demograficzna, Przeglad Antropologiczny, 43, 67-89.
View in Google Scholar

Hobel C.J., C. Dunkel-Schetter, S.C. Roesch, L.C. Castro, C.P. Arosa, 1999, Maternal plasma corticotropin-releasing hormone associated with stress of 20 weeks' gestation in pregnancies ending in preterm delivery, Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol., 180, 257-263.
View in Google Scholar

Imaizumi Y., M. Murata, 1979, The secondary sex ratio, parental age, maternal age, and birth order in Japan, Ann. Hum. Gen., 42, 457-465.
View in Google Scholar

James W.H., 1998, Sex ratio of offspring of diabetics, Lancet, 351, 1514.
View in Google Scholar

Jarrell J., 2002, Rationale for study of the human sex ratio in population studies of polluted environments, Cad. Saud. Publica, 18, 429-434.
View in Google Scholar

Jongbloet P.H., N. Roeleveld, H.M. Groenewoud, 2002, Where the boys aren't: Dioxin and the sex ratio, Environ. Health Perspect., 110, 1-3.
View in Google Scholar

Jongbloet P.H., G.A. Zielhuis, H.M. Groenewoud, P.C. Pasker-De Jong, 2001, The secular trends in male: female ratio at birth in post-war industrialized countries, Environ. Health Perspect., 109, 749-752.
View in Google Scholar

Karmaus W., S. Huang, L. Cameron, 2002, Parental concentration of dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethane and polychlorinated biphenyls in Michigan fisheaters and sex ratio in offspring, J. Occup. Environ. Med., 44, 8-13.
View in Google Scholar

Kornafel D., 1995, Czynniki determinujące urodzeniową masę ciała człowieka, Wyd. Uni. Wroc., Acta Univ. Wrat., 172.
View in Google Scholar

Kufel T., 2004, Ekonometria. Rozwiązywanie problemów z wykorzystaniem programu GRETL, PWN, Warszawa.
View in Google Scholar

Martuzzi M., N. Di Tanno, R. Bertollini, 2001, Declining trends of male proportion at birth in Europe, Arch. Environ. Health, 56, 358-364.
View in Google Scholar

Mocarelli P., P.M. Gerthoux, E. Ferrari, D. G. Jr Patterson, S.M. Kieszak, P. Brambilla, N. Vincoli, S. Signorini, P. Tramacere, V. Carreri, E.J. Sampson, W.E. Turner, L.L. Nidham, 2000, Paternal concentrations of dioxin and sex ratio of offspring, Lancet, 355, 1858-1863.
View in Google Scholar

Pergament E., P. B. Todydemir, M. Fiddler, 2002, Sex ratio: A biological perspective of "sex and the city", Reprod. Biomed. Online, 5, 43-46.
View in Google Scholar

Peterka M., R. Peterkova, Z. Likovsky, 2004, Chernobyl: Prenatal loss of four hundred male fetuses in the Czech Republic, Reprod. Toxicol., 18, 75-79.
View in Google Scholar

Philips N.B., A. Jancso-Radek, V. Ittah, R. Singh, G. Chan, E. Haas, M. A. Weiss, 2006, SRY and human sex determination: The basic tail of the HMG box functions as a kinetic clamp to augment DNA bending, J. Mol. Biol., 358, 172-192.
View in Google Scholar

Rjasanowski I., I. Kloting, P. Kovacs, 1998, Altered sex ratio in offspring of mothers with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Lancet, 351, 497-498.
View in Google Scholar

Ruder A., 1986, Paternal factors affect the sex ratio, Hum. Biol., 58, 357-366.
View in Google Scholar

Ryan J.J., Z. Amirova, G. Carrier, 2002, Sex ratios of children of Russian pesticide producers exposed to dioxin, Environ. Health Perspect., 110, 699-701.
View in Google Scholar

Teitelbaum M.S., N. Mantel, C.R. Stark, 1971, Limited dependence of the human sex ratio on birth order and parental ages, Am. J. Hum. Genet., 23, 271-280.
View in Google Scholar

Trivers R.L., D.E. Willard, 1973, Natural selection of parental ability to vary the sex ratio of offspring, Science, 179, 90-91.
View in Google Scholar

Vartiainen T., L. Kartovaara, J. Tuomisto, 1999, Environmental chemicals and changes in sex ratio: analysis over 250 years in Finland, Environm. Health Perspect., 107, 813-815.
View in Google Scholar

Zorn B., Šučur V., Stare J., Meden-Vrtovec H., 2002, Decline in sex ratio at birth after 10-day war in Slovenia, Hum. Reprod., 17, 3173-3177.
View in Google Scholar

Żądzińska E., 2003, Fluctuating asymmetry of some head structures and its possible causes, Prz. Antropol. – Anthropol. Rev., 66, 39-54.
View in Google Scholar

Downloads

Published

2007-12-30

How to Cite

Żądzińska, E., Rosset, I., Domański, C., Pawłowski, B., & Mikulec, A. (2007). Can economic stress affect secondary sex ratio in Poland?. Anthropological Review, 70, 15–27. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10044-008-0005-5

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>