Fan tourism and fan tourists: discussion on definitions and research issues

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.30.2.18

Keywords:

fan tourism, fan tourist, sports tourism, cultural tourism, fan, fanatic, sports fan

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to systematize the concepts of fan tourism and fan tourists and an attempt has also been made to identify the profile of a fan tourist. There are certain research gaps in terms of defining the concept itself, therefore the authors have decided to investigate this. Literature analysis and criticism as well as synthesizing ideas were methods used in this work. The article presents the characteristics of fan tourism and a description of a fan tourist using psychological, social and economic criteria identified on the basis of a literature investigation. The following attributes were distinguished: the main motive of activity, emotional involvement, ‘extreme’ support, commitment to ideas, sympathy towards ideas, personal attendance at an event and the nature of a consumer or a prosumer when a fan tourist participates in an event personally. The concepts of a fan in general, fanatic and sports fan (kibic) were used in the process of identifying the characteristics of a fan tourist.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alejziak, W. (2016). Sports tourism: A contribution to a debate on its definition and research subject matter. Turyzm/Tourism, 26 (1), 85-88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.26.1.10
Google Scholar

Beeton, S. (2005). Film-induced tourism. Clevedon: Channel View Publications. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21832/9781845410162
Google Scholar

Billig, M. (2008). Banalny nacjonalizm. Cracow: Wydawnictwo Znak.
Google Scholar

Brumm, K. (2012). Fanoturystyka. Kibice sportowi w pozytywnym świetle. Poznań: K&AK.M.A. Karasiak.
Google Scholar

Buczkowska, K. (2008). Turystyka kulturowa. Przewodnik metodyczny. Poznań: Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. Eugeniusza Piaseckiego w Poznaniu.
Google Scholar

Cho, H., Joo, D., Chi, C. (2019). Examining nostalgia in sport tourism: The case of US college football fans. Tourism Management Perspectives, 29, 97-104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2018.11.002
Google Scholar

Couldry, N. (2007). On the set of the sopranos: ‘Inside’ a fan’s construction of nearness. In: J. Gray, C. Sandvoss, C. L. Harrington (eds), Fandom: Identities and communities in a mediated world (pp. 139-148). New York: Nowy Jork University Press.
Google Scholar

Długosz-Kurczabowa, K. (2008). Wielki słownik etymologiczno-historyczny języka polskiego. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Google Scholar

Dotson, M.J., Clark, J.D., Suber, M.B., Dave, D.S. (2013). Millennials’ perceptions of spectator sports. Services Marketing Quarterly, 34 (3), 215-230. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15332969.2013.798196
Google Scholar

Dudała, J. (2004). Fani-chuligani. Rzecz o polskich kibolach. Studium socjologiczne. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Akademickie Żak.
Google Scholar

Fan (2020a). Retrieved from: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pl/dictionary/english/fan (1.02.2020).
Google Scholar

Fan (2020b). Retrieved from: https://sjp.pwn.pl/szukaj/fan.html (1.02.2020).
Google Scholar

Fanatyk (2020). Retrieved from: https://sjp.pwn.pl/sjp/fanatyk;2557478.html (1.02.2020).
Google Scholar

Florek, M., Breitbarth, T., Conejo, F. (2008). Mega event = mega impact? Travelling fans’ experience and perceptions of the 2006 FIFA World Cup host nation. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 13 (3), 1-20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14775080802310231
Google Scholar

Forest, F. (1991). 50 podstawowych pojęć kultury współczesnej. Wyjaśnienia i komentarze. Retrieved from: http://docplayer.pl/68734087-50-podstawowych-pojec-kultury-wspolczesnej.html (1.02.2020).
Google Scholar

Geraghty, L. (2014). It’s not all about the music: Online fan communities and collecting Hard Rock Café pins. Transformative Works and Cultures, 16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3983/twc.2014.0492
Google Scholar

Geraghty, L. (2018). Passing through: Popular media tourism, pilgrimage and narratives of being a fan. In: C. Lundberg, V. Ziakas (eds), The Routledge handbook of popular culture and tourism. New York: Taylor & Francis Group. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315559018-19
Google Scholar

Geraghty, L. (2019). Everybody needs good neighbours. In: C. Lam, J. Raphael (eds), Aussie fans: Uniquely placed in global popular culture (pp. 89-104). Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvq4c15d.9
Google Scholar

Hanks, L., Zhang, L., McGinley, S. (2016). Unconditioned superstition and sports bar fans. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 25 (1), 113-131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19368623.2014.987417
Google Scholar

Hinch, T., Higham, J. (2001). Sport tourism: A framework of research. International Journal of Tourism Reserarch, 3 (1), 45-58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/1522-1970(200101/02)3:1<45::AID-JTR243>3.0.CO;2-A
Google Scholar

Iwashita, C. (2006). Media representation of the UK as a destination for Japanese tourists: Popular culture and tourism. Tourist Studies, 6 (1), 59-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1468797606071477
Google Scholar

Jaszewska, D. (2011). Kultura – rzecz gustu? O kilku granicach supermarketyzacji kultury. Kultura – Media – Teologia, 4, 19-33.
Google Scholar

Karpovich, A.I. (2010). Theoretical approaches to film-motivated tourism. Tourism and Hospitality Planning & Development, 7 (1), 7-20. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14790530903522580
Google Scholar

Kondraciuk, P. (2019). Preferencje turystyczne kibiców żużlowych w Polsce. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica, 13, 130-142.
Google Scholar

Kurek, W. (ed.) (2007). Turystyka. Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
Google Scholar

Lisowska-Magdziarz, M. (2017). Fandom dla początkujących. Cracow: Instytut Dziennikarstwa, Mediów i Komunikacji Społecznej, Uniwersytet Jagielloński.
Google Scholar

Liszewski, S. (2016). Remarks on sports tourism as a reflection on „Relations between tourism and sport concerning the organization of tourism studies” by J. Kotus. Turyzm/Tourism, 26 (1), 27-29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.26.1.04
Google Scholar

Mokras-Grabowska J. (2016). Sports tourism: terminological discussion. Turyzm/Tourism, 26 (1), 13-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.26.1.02
Google Scholar

Morrison, K.A., Misener, K.E., Mock, S.E. (2020). The influence of corporate responsibility and team identification on spectator behavior in major junior hockey. Leisure Sciences, 42 (2), 133-151. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01490400.2017.1408511
Google Scholar

Norris, C. (2016). Japanese media tourism as world-building: Akihabara’s Electric Town and Ikebukuro’s Maiden Road. Participations: Journal of Audience & Reception Studies, 13 (1), 656-681.
Google Scholar

Pikora, M. (2013). Aktorzy, kreatorzy, konsumenci widowiska sportowego. Rzecz o polskich klubowych kibicach piłkarskich. Studia Socjologiczne, 3 (210), 151-173.
Google Scholar

Poniatowski, Z. (1969). Mały słownik religioznawczy. Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna.
Google Scholar

PricewaterhouseCoopers (2020). PwC sports outlook – at the gate and beyond. Outlook for the sports market in North America through 2021. Retrieved from: https://www.pwc.com/us/en/industries/entertainment-media/publications/sports-Outlook-north-america.html (4.08.2020).
Google Scholar

Ramirez-Hurtado, J.M., Berbel-Pineda, J.M. (2015). Identification of segments for overseas tourists playing golf in Spain: A latent class approach. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 24 (6), 652-680. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19368623.2014.934980
Google Scholar

Roche, S., Spake, D.F., Joseph, M. (2013). A model of sporting event tourism as economic development. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 3, (2), 147-157. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/20426781311325078
Google Scholar

Ryśnik, J. (2019). Identification and evaluation of factors influencing sports fan attendance at international events: volleyball case study. Turyzm/Tourism, 29 (2), 123-135. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.29.2.12
Google Scholar

Siuda, P. (2010). Jednostkowe aspekty bycia fanem, czyli w stronę nowego paradygmatu fan studies. Kultura i Edukacja, 4 (78), 74-94.
Google Scholar

Stasiak, A., Włodarczyk, B. (2015). Czy turystyka może nie być aktywna? O potrzebie podziałów i klasyfikacji turystyki. In: A. Stasiak, J. Śledzińska, B. Włodarczyk (eds), Wczoraj, dziś i jutro turystyki aktywnej i specjalistycznej (pp. 39-52). Warsaw: Wydawnictwo PTTK „Kraj”.
Google Scholar

Theodorakis, N.D., Kaplanidou, K., Karabaxoglou, I. (2015). Effect of event service quality and satisfaction on happiness among runners of a recurring sport event. Leisure Sciences, 37 (1), 87-107. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01490400.2014.938846
Google Scholar

Twitter Internal & Crimson Hexagon (2020). Tweet data geo-filtered for US market, growth stats compare Q4/2019 vs. Q1/2016. Retrieved from: https://marketing.twitter.com/content/dam/marketing-twitter/culture-tracker/twittertrend-my-identity-fandom.pdf (2.08.2020).
Google Scholar

Walters, G., Shipway, R., Miles, L., Aldrigui, M. (2017). Fandom and risk perceptions of Olympic tourists. Annals of Tourism Research, 66, 210-212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2017.07.012
Google Scholar

Williams, R. (2017). Fan tourism and pilgrimage. In: M.A. Click, S. Scott (eds), The Routledge companion to media fandom (pp. 98-106). Londyn: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315637518-13
Google Scholar

Williams, R. (2019). Funko Hannibal in Florence: Fan tourism, transmediality, and paratextual-spatio-play. JOMEC Journal, 14, 71-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18573/jomec.179
Google Scholar

Włodarczyk, B. (2016). Łódź as an arena of grand sport events: selected examples. Turyzm/Tourism, 26 (1), 49-59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.26.1.06
Google Scholar

Downloads

Published

2020-12-21

How to Cite

Krupa, J., & Nawrocka, E. (2020). Fan tourism and fan tourists: discussion on definitions and research issues. Turyzm/Tourism, 30(2), 27-33. https://doi.org/10.18778/0867-5856.30.2.18

Issue

Section

Articles