Constantine X Doukas (1059–1067) versus Uzes – about the Nomads on Boats on the Danube in 1064

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/2084-140X.11.02

Keywords:

Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Doukas, Uzes, Danube, Nomads’ knowledge of river crossings

Abstract

The reign of the Doukas dynasty in 1059–1078 was a time when new threats to the Byzantine Empire emerge in Europe and Asia. One of them was the increased activity of Turkmen who were penetrating the lands belonging to the Byzantines. A manifestation of these threats was visible during the rule of Constantine X Doukas (1059–1067) in 1064. We have there an invasion of the tribe of Uzes, who crossed the Danube. They ventured so far, as the vicinity of Thessalonica and the province of Hellas, plundering everything in their path. Their actions surprised the defense of the Byzantines. This attack on the empire was related to their crossing of the Danube, about which Michael Attaliates and Skylitzes Continuatus provides us with interesting information. The main aim of this paper therefore will be related to issues linked to the types of vessels used by Uzes to cross this river, as well as an attempt to assess their boatbuilding skills.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahmad ibn Fadlan, Mission to the Volga, trans. J.E. Montgomery, New York 2017 [= Library of Arabic Literature, 28], https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1gk093h
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1gk093h

Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, ed. P.A. Brunt, London–Cambridge, Mass. 1983–1989.
Google Scholar

Byzantium in the Time of Troubles. The Continuation of the Chronicle of John Skylitzes (1057–1079), ed. E. McGeer, J. Nesbitt, Boston–Leiden 2020 [= The Medieval Mediterranean, 120].
Google Scholar

The Chronicle of Matthew of Edessa, ed. A.E. Dostourian, New York 1993.
Google Scholar

Constantine Porphyrogenitus, De administrando imperio, ed. G. Moravcsik, trans. R.J.H. Jenkins, Washington 1993 [= Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae, 1; Dumbarton Oaks Texts, 1].
Google Scholar

ē synecheia tēs Chronographias tou Iōannou Skylitzē. (Ioannes Skylitzes Continuatus), ed. E.T. Tsolakēs, Thessalonikē 1968.
Google Scholar

Giovanni di Plano Carpini, The Story of the Mongols whom we Call the Tartars, trans. E. Hildinger, Boston 1996.
Google Scholar

Ioannis Zonarae Epitome historiarum libri XIII–XVIII, rec. T. Büttner-Wobst, Bonnae 1897 [= Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae, 49].
Google Scholar

Iohannes de Plano Carpini, Historia Mongalorum, [in:] Giovanni di Pian di Carpine, Storia dei Mongoli, ed. E. Menestò, trans. M.C. Lungarotti, praef. L. Petech, Spoleto 1989, p. 227–333.
Google Scholar

Michael Attaliates, The History, ed. A. Kaldellis, D. Krallis, London 2012 [= Dumbarton Oaks Medieval Library, 16].
Google Scholar

Miguel Ataliates, Historia, ed., praef. et trans. I.P. Martìn, Madrid 2002 [= Nueva Roma, 15].
Google Scholar

Nicetae Choniatae Historia, rec. I.A. van Dieten, Berolini 1975 [= Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae, 11].
Google Scholar

Povest’ vremennych let, ed. D.S. Lichačev, V.P. Adrianova-Peretc, Moscow–Leningrad 1950.
Google Scholar

Agius D.A., Classic Ships of Islam. From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean, Leiden–Boston 2008 [= Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1, The Near and Middle East, 92], https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004158634.i-505
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004158634.i-505

Angold M., The Byzantine Empire 1025–1204. A Political History, London 1984.
Google Scholar

Böhm M., The Byzantine Boats in the Era of the Comnenian Dynasty, [in:] Dialog intercultural Polono-Moldovenesc. Culegere de studii, vol. III.1–4, Materialele Congresului Știinţific Internaţional Polono-Moldo-Român. Educaţie-PoliticăSocietate, ed. V. Constantinov, N. Pikuła, Chişnău 2019, p. 279–289.
Google Scholar

Bonarek J., Bizancjum w dobie bitwy pod Manzikert. Znaczenie zagrożenia seldżuckiego w polityce bizantyńskiej w XI wieku, Kraków 2011 [= Notos. Scripta Antiqua et Byzantina, 7].
Google Scholar

Dudek J., Ludy tureckie w Cesarstwie Bizantyńskim w latach 1025–1097, “Balcanica Posnaniensia” 14, 2007, p. 83–124.
Google Scholar

de la Fuente J.A.A., Urban Legends: Turkish kayık ‘boat’ and “Eskimo” qayaq ‘kayak’, “Studia Linguistica Universitatis Iagellonicae Cracoviensis” 127, 2010, p. 7–24, https://doi.org/10.2478/v10148-011-0001-9
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10148-011-0001-9

Golden P.B., The Migrations of the Oghuz, “Archivum Ottomanicum” 4, 1972, p. 45–84.
Google Scholar

Golden P.B., The Oghuz (Torki) in the South Russian Steppes. The Peoples of the South Russian Steppes, [in:] The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia, ed. D. Sinior, Cambridge 2008, p. 275–277.
Google Scholar

Havlikova L., Slavic Ships in 5th–12th Centuries Byzantine Historiography, “Byzantinoslavica” 52, 1991, p. 89–104.
Google Scholar

Hornell J., Water Transport. Origins and Early Evolution, Cambridge 1946.
Google Scholar

Iordanov I., Molybdobulles nouvellement découverts de Basile Apokapes, “Études balkaniques” 1, 1986, p. 123–127.
Google Scholar

Ivanov V.A., Ivanova M.I., Geographical and Political Background of Medieval Nomads Settling in the Steppes of Eastern Europe, “Chronica” 11, 2011, p. 18–34.
Google Scholar

Madgearu A., Byzantine Military Organization on the Danube, 10th–12th Centuries, Leiden–Boston 2013 [= East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450–1450, 22], https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004252493
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004252493

Malamut E., L’image byzantine des Petchénègues, “Byzantinische Zeitschrift” 88, 1995, p. 105–147, https://doi.org/10.1515/byzs.1995.88.1.105
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/byzs.1995.88.1.105

Meško M., Vývin obranného systému Byzantskej ríše v 11. storočí – príklad témy Paradounavon, “Byzantinoslavica” 1, 2006, p. 128–143.
Google Scholar

Moravcsik G., Byzantinoturcica, vol. II, Leiden 1983.
Google Scholar

Nagrodzka-Majchrzyk T., Czarni Klobucy, Warszawa 1985.
Google Scholar

Paroń A., Pieczyngowie. Koczownicy w krajobrazie politycznym i kulturowym średniowiecznej Europy, Wrocław 2015.
Google Scholar

Pritsak O., The Decline of the Empire of the Oghuz Yabghu, “The Annals of the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S.” 2, 1952, p. 279–292.
Google Scholar

Pritsak O., Uzes, [in:] The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, vol. III, ed. A. Kazhdan et al., New York–Oxford 1991, p. 2147–2148.
Google Scholar

Sinor D., On Water-transport in Central Eurasia, “Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher” 33, 1961, p. 156–179.
Google Scholar

Spinei V., The Great Migrations in the East and Southeast of Europe from the Ninth to the Thirteenth Century. History and Political Organization, vol. I, Hungarians, Pechenegs, and Uzes, Cluj-Napoca 2003.
Google Scholar

Spinei V., The Romanians and the Turkic Nomads North of the Danube Delta from the Tenth to the Mid-Thirteenth Century, Leiden–Boston 2009 [= East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450–1450, 6], https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004175365.i-482
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004175365.i-482

Stepanenko V.P., Mochov A.S., Balkanskij etap kar’ery Vasila, syna Apuchapa, “Византийский временник” / “Vizantijskij Vremiennik” 67, 2008, p. 63–75.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1179/acb.2008.63.2.002

Stephenson P., Byzantium’s Balkan Frontier. A Political Study of the Northern Balkans, 900–1204, Cambridge 2000, https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511496615
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511496615

Strässle P.M., To monoxylon in Konstantin VII Porphyrogennetos Werk De administrando Imperio, “Études balkaniques” 26.2, 1990, p. 93–106.
Google Scholar

Tamim E., Cumans and Russians (1055–1240), “Chronica” 11, 2011, p. 198–210.
Google Scholar

Tăpkova-Zaïmova V., Les μιξοβάρβαροι et la situation politique et ethnique au Bas-Danube pendant la seconde moitie du XIe s., [in:] Acted du XVIe Congrès International des Ètudes Byzantines, Bucarest, 6–12 Septembre, 1971, vol. II, Bucarest 1975, p. 615–619.
Google Scholar

Downloads

Published

2021-12-30

How to Cite

Böhm, M. (2021). Constantine X Doukas (1059–1067) versus Uzes – about the Nomads on Boats on the Danube in 1064. Studia Ceranea. Journal of the Waldemar Ceran Research Centre for the History and Culture of the Mediterranean Area and South-East Europe, 11, 39–49. https://doi.org/10.18778/2084-140X.11.02

Issue

Section

Articles