Discourses regarding the sustainability and environmental considerations in physical planning of second homes in Norwegian mountain destinations: a comparison between governmental documents, research literature and the general media

Authors

Keywords:

discourses, mountain resort, second homes, spatial planning, sustainability

Abstract

The neoliberal trend in spatial planning seemingly causes the loss of control of spatial plans for destination developments in the mountain regions of southern Norway. The predominant local discourse, as seen in local newspapers and other media, was originally positive to the development of second homes. Changes in development plans have, as in the Skeikampen-destination case, incited strong counter-discourses based on concerns for pasture rights, nature values, and access, in addition to sustainability in general. These discourses create a perception of reality in stark contrast to the central-government discourse, as found in the plan and building act, and governmental documents.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AALL, C. (2017), ‘Hyttelivet er ikkje lenger berekraftig’, Syn og segn (3), https://www.synogsegn.no/artiklar/2017/utg%C3%A5ve-3-17/carlo-aall/
Google Scholar

AASETRE, J. (2021), ‘Chapter 4. Kampen om utmarka: Hytter, beitemark eller urørt natur?’, [in:] FLÆMSÆTER, F. and FLØ, B. E. (eds.), Utmark i endring, Oslo: Cappelen Dam, pp. 93–121. https://doi.org/10.23865/noasp.151
Google Scholar

BENJAMINSEN, T. A. and SVARSTAD, H. (2017), Politisk økologi: Miljø, menneske og makt (2nd ed.), Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Google Scholar

BORGE, L.-E., ELLINGSEN, W., HJELSETH, A., LEIKVOLL, G. K., LØYLAND, K. and NYHUS, A. H. (2015), Inntekter og utgifter i hyttekommuner, TF-rapport nr. 349. Telemarksforskning, Agderforskning & SØF. https://openarchive.usn.no/usn-xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/2439423/2680.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y
Google Scholar

CRISTENSEN, T. B. (2019, 21. February), Hyttebygging truer naturen i Norge, Naturvernforbundet. https://naturvernforbundet.no/uttalelser-fra-styrendeorganer/hyttebygging-truer-naturen-i-norge-article38933-2128.htm
Google Scholar

ECKERBERG, K. and JOAS, M. (2004), ‘Multi-Level Governance: A Concept under Stress?’, Local Environment 9 (5), pp. 405–412. https://doi.org/10.1080/1354983042000255315
Google Scholar

ERIKSEN, K. (8 April 2022), Hyttebygging truer naturen i Norge, Naturvernforbundet. https://naturvernforbundet.no/areal-og-plansaker/hyttebygging-truer-naturen-i-norge-article42955-4407.html
Google Scholar

FIMREITE, A. L., MEDALEN, T. and AARS, J. (2005), ‘By-governance’, [in:] FIMREITE, A. L. and MEDALEN, T. (eds.), Governance i norske storbyer, Mellom offentlig styring og privat initiativ. Oslo: Spartacus, pp. 11–34.
Google Scholar

FLOGNFELDT, T. and TJØRVE, E. (2013), ‘The shift from hotels and lodges to second-home villages in mountain-resort accommodation’, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism 13 (4), pp. 332–352. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15022250.2013.862440
Google Scholar

GAUSDAL KOMMUNE (2021), Planprogram for revisjon av Kommunedelplan for Skei (2022 – 2035). Fastsatt av kommunestyret i k-sak 40/21 den 17.06.2021. https://gausdal.custompublish.com/getfile.php/4874445.1852.utwkqqasnapibb/Planprogram+Fastsatt+17_06_21.pdf
Google Scholar

HAJER, M. (1995), The politics of environmental discourse. Ecological modernization and the policy process, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Google Scholar

KALTENBORN, B. P. (1 April 2018), ‘Hyttebyggingen har gått over alle støvleskaft’, Aftenposten. https://www.aftenposten.no/meninger/kronikk/i/kay2nX/hyttebyggingen-har-gaatt-over-alle-stoevleskaft-bjoern-p-kaltenborn
Google Scholar

KALTENBORN, B. P. (4 March 2021), ‘Utbygging på Skei – nå må Gausdal våkne!’, GD. https://www.gd.no/utbygging-pa-skei-na-ma-gausdal-vakne/o/5-18-1310215
Google Scholar

KOMMUNAL- OG DISTRIKTSDEPARTEMENTET (2008), Lov om planlegging og byggesaksbehandling (plan- og bygningsloven), Oslo: Kommunal- og distriktsdepartementet. https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2008-06-27-71
Google Scholar

KOMMUNAL- OG MODERNISERINGSDEPARTEMENTET (2021), Fjell- og innlandsstrategi, Oslo: Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet. https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/931b031f226743a387c532408711f531/no/pdfs/fjell-og-innlandsstrategi.pdf
Google Scholar

LANDBRUKSDEPARTEMENTET (2021), Utmarka er gull verdt, Regjeringa.no. https://www.regjeringen.no/no/aktuelt/utmarka-er-gull-verd/id2886015/
Google Scholar

LANDBRUKSKONTORET I LILLEHAMMERREGIONEN (2019), Årsrapport 2019, Landbrukskontoret i Lillehammer-regionen. https://www.gausdal.kommune.no/getfile.php/4707173.1852.jzkjnmkuwisssu/%C3%85rsrapport%20for%20Landbruk%202019.pdf
Google Scholar

LERFALD, M., KNUTSEN, H., ANES, P. K., UGGEN, K. T., KVAMME, S., RYE, S. K. P., TOMTER, S. and OWREN, E. (2016), Verdiskaping i landbruk og landbruksbasert virksomhet i Oppland. ØF-rapport 10/2016. Østlandsforskning. https://www.ostforsk.no/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/201610_Sluttrapport-Oppland-Masterdokument.pdf
Google Scholar

MDG (2021), Arbeidsprogram 2021-2021, Miljøpartiet de grønne. https://assets.nationbuilder.com/mdg/pages/4124/attachments/original/1631475774/Arbeidsprogram_2021-2025_bokmal.pdf?1631475774
Google Scholar

MILJØVERNDEPARTEMENTET (2005), Planlegging av fritidsbebyggelse. Veileder. T-1450, Oslo: Miljøverndepartementet. https://www.regjeringen.no/globalassets/upload/kilde/md/bro/2005/0063/ddd/pdfv/266942-t-1450.pdf
Google Scholar

MILJØVERNDEPARTEMENTET (2012), Kommuneplanprosessen – samfunnsdelen - handlingsdelen. Veileder. T-1492, Oslo: Miljøverndepartementet. https://www.regjeringen.no/contentassets/493007ab4f9349a295a34982f77173ec/t-1492.pdf
Google Scholar

RIKSRVISJONEN (2007), Riksrevisjonens undersøkelse av bærekraftig arealplanlegging og arealdisponering i Norge, Dokument nr. 3:11 (2006-2007). Riksrevisjonen. https://www.stortinget.no/globalassets/pdf/dokumentserien/2006-2007/dok_3_11_2006_2007.pdf
Google Scholar

ROBBINS, P. (2020), Political ecology: A critical introduction (3rd ed.), Oxford: Wiley.
Google Scholar

SAGLIE, I.-L. and HARVOLD, K. (2010), ‘Arealplanlegging’, [in:] HARVOLD, K. (ed.), Ansvar og virkemidler ved tilpasning til klimaendringer, Samarbeidsrapport NIBR/CICERO/NIVA/TØI 2010, pp. 29–46.
Google Scholar

SKJEGGEDAL, T., ERICSSON, B. ARNESEN, T. and OVERVÅG, K. (2010), ‘Hytteliv i endring’, Plan 25, Januar 2010, pp. 42–49. https://doi.org/10.18261/ISSN1504-3045-2009-06-11
Google Scholar

SKJEGGEDAL, T., FLEMSAETER, F. and GUNDERSEN, V. (2021), ‘Land use planning in disputed mountain areas: conflicting interests and common arenas’, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 64 (7), pp. 1133–1155. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2020.1812379
Google Scholar

SLÅEN, Å and HOLØ, R. M. (2021), ‘Regjeringa vil ha meir utmarksbeite – bøndene peiker på konfliktar med hyttefolket’, NRK. https://www.nrk.no/innlandet/regjeringa-vil-ha-meir-utmarksbeite_-men-bondene-fryktar-fleire-konfliktar-med-hyttefelt-1.15725054
Google Scholar

SSB/STATISTISK SENTRALBYRÅ (2022), ‘Befolkning’, https://www.ssb.no/befolkning/folketall/statistikk/befolkning
Google Scholar

TJØRVE, E. and FLOGNFELDT, T. (2013), ‘The effect of distance and belonging on second-home markets’, Tourism Geographies, 15 (2), pp. 268–291. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14616688.2012.726264
Google Scholar

TJØRVE, E., TJØRVE, K. M. C. and OWUSU, K. (2022), ‘Barriers and challenges to sustainable physical planning for mountain destinations and second-homes developments in the mountain region of south-eastern Norway: The reign of governments or developers?’, European Spatial Research and Policy, 29 (2), pp. xx-xx. https://doi.org/10.18778/1231-1952.29.2.07
Google Scholar

Downloads

Published

2022-11-17

How to Cite

Tjørve, E., & Tjørve, K. M. C. (2022). Discourses regarding the sustainability and environmental considerations in physical planning of second homes in Norwegian mountain destinations: a comparison between governmental documents, research literature and the general media. European Spatial Research and Policy. Retrieved from https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/esrap/article/view/13546

Funding data

  • Erasmus+
    Grant numbers 2019-1-PL01-KA203-064946