Polityka cara Kałojana wobec Konstantynopola

Autor

  • Marcin Antczak Uniwersytet Łódzki

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/2544-1795.02.13

Słowa kluczowe:

Bulgaria, Byzantium, crusades, Kaloyan, Constantinople

Abstrakt

The short reign of Bulgarian tsar Ivan III Kaloyan was determined mostly by his policies towards different rulers of Constantinople – firstly, the Byzantine Angelos dynasty, then the crusaderbased Latin Empire. However, during the first years (1197–1204), his main aim was reunification of the newly liberated state and consolidation of power. Kaloyan achieved this goal by his skillful selection of allies and proper approach to the Papacy as the by-time European superpower. Only having his basic interests secured, Kaloyan launched a campaign to conquer Constantinople and replace Byzantium with a new Greco-Slavonic state – firstly in co-operation with the Latin knights of the Fourth Crusade, then acting against them as a self-proclaimed protector of the Byzantine heritage. Unfortunately, in this period (1204–1207) Bulgarian ruler’s political calculations proved to be often wrong, which – in combination with his distrust towards the Greek population – resulted in his eventual failure and assasination.

Bibliografia

de Clari R. (2003), Zdobycie Konstantynopola, z jęz. starofranc. przełumaczył, wstępem i komentarzami opatrzył Z. Pentek, Poznań.
Google Scholar

de Villehardouin G. (2003), Zdobycie Konstantynopola, z jęz. starofranc. przełumaczył, wstępem i komentarzami opatrzył Z. Pentek, Poznań
Google Scholar

Encyklopedia PWN (wydanie internetowe: https://encyklopedia.pwn.pl/haslo/Kalojan;3919429.html [dostęp: 17.08.2018]).
Google Scholar

Ryniewicz Z. (2004), Leksykon bitew świata, Warszawa.
Google Scholar

Wasilewski T. (1970), Historia Bułgarii, Wrocław.
Google Scholar

Божилов И. (1995а), Асеневци: renovatio imperii Bulgarorum et Graecorum, [в:] Седем етюда по Средновековна история, София, с. 131–215
Google Scholar

Божилов И. (1995б), Жофроа дьо Вилардуен и „Завладяването на Константинопол, [в:] Седем етюда по Средновековна история, София, с. 265–306
Google Scholar

##submission.downloads##

Opublikowane

2019-06-05

Jak cytować

Antczak, M. (2019). Polityka cara Kałojana wobec Konstantynopola. Slavica Lodziensia, 2, 133-140. https://doi.org/10.18778/2544-1795.02.13