Boris Pasternak’s “Wind (Four Fragments About Blok)” as a Neotraditionalist Cycle

Authors

  • Dzhongkhen Li Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi gumanitarnyi universitet, Kafedra teoreticheskoi i istoricheskoi poetiki, 125993 Moskva, Miusskaia ploshchad, 6 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7293-2593

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/1427-9681.14.10

Keywords:

genre strategy, lyric cycle, Boris Pasternak, Aleksandr Blok, neotraditionalism

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to study the relations of the neotraditionalist cycle and genre strategies, as applied to Boris Pasternak’s cycle of poems “Wind (Four Fragments about Blok)” (1956). Despite an abundance of research dedicated to Pasternak’s attitude to Aleksandr Blok, still little attention is paid to the poetics of this lyric cycle. The analysis of genre strategies, the concept of which has been developed by Valery Tyupa, and the principles of lyric cycle, proposed by Igor Fomenko, were used as the methodology of this research. The paper is organised around the following points. Firstly, while the main title (“Wind”) and the meter (amphibrachic trimeter with the rhyme scheme AbAb) function as a centripetal force of the cycle, the configuration of various genre invariants becomes a centrifugal force. Secondly, however, the genre repertoire shows a special logic of the lyric cycle, which can be characterised as a movement from the vertical of the ode to the horizontal of the ballad. The first poem follows the strategy of the ode, but cannot be regarded as a traditional one. In the second poem, the lyrical subject uniquely combines the strategy of the idyll with Blok’s radicalness through the image of wind. The third poem also takes up the strategy of the idyll; here, however, signs of an impending catastrophe can be seen in the lines resonant with the first poem of Blok’s cycle “On the Kulikovo Field”. In the final poem, looking at the lines from Bely’s poem “To the Motherland” (“And you, firestorm, / rage and burn me, / Russia, Russia, Russia”) makes it possible to identify the strategy as that of the ballad (“Blok awaited this storm and its lashing. / With flame- -strikes its lashes would hit” [from Don Mager’s verse translation, “Wind”]). Thirdly, the analysis of Pasternak’s cycle from the perspective of genre strategies helps us to reconstruct a dialogue between poets, which is inherent in the neotraditionalist poetics. Finally, the artistic logic of combining genres in this work sheds new light on the poetological characteristics of the neotraditionalist cycle, which should be distinguished from the poetic homage.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Dzhongkhen Li, Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi gumanitarnyi universitet, Kafedra teoreticheskoi i istoricheskoi poetiki, 125993 Moskva, Miusskaia ploshchad, 6

Ли Джонгхён – аспирант кафедры теоретической и исторической по- этики Института филологии и истории Российского государственного гу- манитарного университета. Научные интересы: перформативность в лите- ратуре, метарефлексия в лирике, история русской литературы, поэзия Бо- риса Пастернака, современная философия. Из недавних публикаций: От «тайны тяжкой» ко «второй балладе»: перформативная стратегия сим- волистской и постсимволистской баллады, [в:] Память жанра как фено- мен единства и непрерывности литературного развития, Москва: Эдитус 2018, с. 79–86; Коммуникативная стратегия металирики раннего О. Ман- дельштама (на материале «Я не слыхал рассказов Оссиана…»), «Вестник РГГУ. Серия: Литературоведение. Языкознание. Культурология» 2019, № 6, ч. 2, с. 204–215; Перелом поэтического языка и перформативность лирики (на материале металирических стихотворений Б. Л. Пастернака), «Уче- ные записки Орловского государственного университета» 2019, № 4(85), с. 113–117; «Гамлет» Б. Пастернака как баллада, [в:] Тю/ипология дискурсов. К 75-летию Валерия Игоревича Тюпы, Москва: Рос. гос. гуманит. ун-т 2020, с. 419–423; Дискурсивная структура поэмы Б. Л. Пастернака «Высокая бо- лезнь», «Новый филологический вестник» 2020, № 2(53), с. 174–184.

References

Belyi, Andrei. Sobranie sochinenii: stikhotvoreniia i poemy. Moskva: Respublika, 1994.
Google Scholar

Blok, Aleksandr A. Sobranie sochinenii: v 8 t., ed. V. N. Orlov. Moskva, Leningrad: Goslitizdat, 1960–1963.
Google Scholar

Broitman, Samson N. Poetika russkoi klassicheskoi i neklassicheskoi liriki. Moskva: Rossiiskii gos. gumanitarnyi un-t, 2008.
Google Scholar

Burkov, Igor A. “A. Blok v khudozhestvennoi i literaturno-kriticheskoi interpretatsii B. Pasternaka”. Vestnik RUDN. Seriia: Literaturovedenie, zhurnalistika. No. 2 (2014): 5–14.
Google Scholar

Darvin, Mikhail N. Poeticheskii mir liricheskogo tsikla. Avtor i tekst. Moskva: Rossiiskii gos. gumanitarnyi un-t, 2019.
Google Scholar

Fomenko, Igor V. Liricheskii tsikl: stanovlenie zhanra, poetika. Tver: Tverskoi gos. un-t, 1992.
Google Scholar

Fomenko, Igor V. Tsiklizatsiya kak tipologicheskaya cherta liriki B. L. Pasternaka. In: Pasternakovskie chteniya, ed. R. V. Komina, V. V. Abashev, B. V. Kondakov. Perm: Permskii gos. un-t, 1990: 79–84.
Google Scholar

Gasparov, Mikhail L. Metr i smysl. Ob odnom iz mekhanizmov kulturnoi pamiati. Moskva: Fortuna El, 2012.
Google Scholar

Gugnin, Aleksandr A. Postoyanstvo i izmenchivost zhanra. In: Eolova arfa: antologiya ballady, ed. A. A. Gugnin, Moskva: Vysshaya shkola, 1989: 7–26.
Google Scholar

Hinck, Walter. Das Gedicht als Spiegel der Dichter. Zur Geschichte des deutschen poetologischen Gedichts. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag, 1985.
Google Scholar DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-322-85258-8

Lauer, Reinhard. “Hommage-Gedichte (A. I. Turgenev, V. A. Zukovskij, V. K. Kjuchel’beker und Goethe”). Zeitschrift für Slavische Philologie, № 42 (1981): 77–95.
Google Scholar

Lukashenko, Liubov V. “Motiv vetra v knige ‘Kogda razguliaetsia’: k teme Pasternak i Blok”. Vestnik Russkoi khristianskoi gumanitarnoi akademii. Vol. 18, vyp. 2 (2017): 221–230.
Google Scholar

Nichiporov, Iliya B. Obrazy stikhii v ‘blokovskikh’ stikhotvoreniyakh M. Tsvetaevoi, A. Akhmatovoi, B. Pasternaka. In: Stikhiya i razum v zhizni i tvorchestve Mariny Tsvetaevoi, ed. I. Iu. Belyakova. Moskva: Dom-muzei Mariny Tsvetaevoi, 2005: 157–164.
Google Scholar

Pasternak, Boris L. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii s prilozheniiami: v 11 t. Moskva: Slovo, 2003–2005.
Google Scholar

Pianykh, Mikhail F. Blok i russkaya sovetskaya poeziya. In: Aleksandr Blok: novye materialy i issledovaniya: v 4 kn. Vol. 1. Moskva: Nauka, 1980: 173–200.
Google Scholar

Tiupa, Valerii I. Diskurs / Zhanr. Moskva: Intrada, 2013.
Google Scholar

Tiupa, Valerii I. Literatura i mentalnost. Moskva: Iurait, 2019.
Google Scholar

Vlasov, Aleksandr S. “’Yavlenie Rozhdestva’ (A. Blok v romane B. Pasternaka ‘Doktor Zhivago’: tema i variatsii”. Voprosy literatury. No. 3 (2006): 87–119.
Google Scholar

Published

2021-12-23

How to Cite

Li, D. (2021). Boris Pasternak’s “Wind (Four Fragments About Blok)” as a Neotraditionalist Cycle. Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Rossica, (14), 111–121. https://doi.org/10.18778/1427-9681.14.10

Issue

Section

Articles