Migration Processes in Contemporary Estonia


  • Agata Włodarska-Frykowska University of Łódź, Faculty of International and Political Studies, ul. Składowa 43, 90–127 Łódź




Emigration from Estonia, migration movements, social changes, post-Soviet Estonia, modern Estonian society


This article examines migration trends in contemporary Estonia, focusing on migrant movements, legal regulations applying to migrants and national policies dealing with migration. Estonia is a multi-ethnic country in which both immigration and emigration occur on a considerable scale; consequently, understanding migration patterns and trends is particularly important. Historical factors have influenced Estonian society in a way which has necessitated the implementation of integration programmes and strategies aimed at social consolidation. The article features an analysis of the main changes in migration movements in Estonia since it gained independence and presents contemporary tendencies.


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Author Biography

Agata Włodarska-Frykowska, University of Łódź, Faculty of International and Political Studies, ul. Składowa 43, 90–127 Łódź

Ph.D., is an assistant professor at the University of Łódź, Poland. She received a Ph.D. degree in Political Science 2012 at University of Łódź (the title of Ph.D. dissertation Position of the Russian minority in social and political life in Estonia after 1991 (in Polish). Her research interests focus on national minorities, migration processes and image creation in politics and business. She is a member of International Political Science Association and Polish Political Science Association. She is the author of numerous articles on national minorities, The structure of employment in Estonia after 1991 (2010), Status of Russian – speaking population in Estonia in 1991–2007, (2011 in Polish), Russian – Estonian relations after 2007-current status and development prospects (2011), E-voting in Estonia, current status and future development (2014), Russian minority in Estonia as a factor of social disintegration (2014 in Polish), Russian minority participation in consolidation of democracy in Estonia (2016).


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How to Cite

Włodarska-Frykowska, A. (2017). Migration Processes in Contemporary Estonia. International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 20(1), 63–73. https://doi.org/10.1515/ipcj-2017-0017

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