Comparative Genre Analysis of Research Article Abstracts in More and Less Prestigious Journals: Linguistics Journals in Focus
Keywords:genre analysis, moves, metadiscourse, research article abstract, rhetorical structure
The current study compares the rhetorical structure and metadiscourse of research article abstracts in more and less prestigious journals in Linguistics. To this end, 200 abstracts from peer-reviewed Linguistics journals that are indexed in the Web of Science and Scopus were compared with 200 abstracts extracted from peer-reviewed Linguistics journals that are not indexed in either of these two highly ranked databases. Using Hyland’s (2000) model of move analysis and Hyland’s (2005) taxonomy of metadiscourse, the study reveals that abstracts in less prestigious journals typically include longer moves for introduction, purpose and method while abstracts in more prestigious journals include significantly lengthier findings. As for metadiscourse, abstracts in less prestigious journals employ significantly more transitions, frame markers and evidentials whereas the abstracts in more prestigious journals exhibit a higher use of code glosses, hedges, boosters and self-mentions. The results are interpreted with reference to the types of journals, and pedagogical implications and new research directions are proposed.
Abarghooeinezhad, Mahjoobeh and Shahla Simin. 2015. A structural move analysis of abstracts in electronic engineering articles. International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning 4 (4). 69-80.
Al-Ali, Mohammed N. and Yara B. Sahawneh. 2011. Rhetorical and textual organization of English and Arabic PhD dissertation abstracts in Linguistics. Sky Journal of Linguistics 24. 7-39.
Alotaibi, Hmoud. 2015. Metadiscourse in Arabic and English research article abstracts. World Journal of English Language 5(2). 1-8.
Al-Shujairi, Yasir B.J., Ya’u, Mohammed S. and Jamila A. Buba. 2016. Role of moves, tenses, and metadiscourse in the abstract of an acceptable research article. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences 7(2). 379-386.
Behnam, Biook and Farhad Golpour. 2014. A genre analysis of English and Iranian research article abstracts in Applied Linguistics and Mathematics. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature 3(5). 173-179.
Bhatia, Vijay K. 1993. Analyzing genre: Language use in professional settings. Harlow, Essex: Longman.
Bhatia, Vijay K. 1997. Introduction: Genre analysis and world Englishes. World Englishes 16 (3). 313-319.
Brett, Paul. 1994. A genre analysis of the results section of sociology articles. English for Specific Purposes 13(1). 47‐59.
Byun, Junghee. 2015. A new look to research article abstracts of novice academic writers: Their communicative strategic use of rhetorical structure and metadiscourse. English Studies 35. 99-127.
Çandarh, Duygu. 2012. A cross-cultural investigation of English and Turkish research article abstracts in educational sciences. Studies about Languages 20. 12-17.
Darabad, Ali M. 2016. Move analysis of research article abstracts: A cross-disciplinary study. International Journal of Linguistics 8(2). 125-140.
Doró, Katalin. 2013. The rhetoric structure of research article abstracts in English studies journals. Prague Journal of English Studies 2(1). 119-139.
Ebrahimi, Seyed F. and Hossein S. Motlagh. 2015. A cross disciplinary study of textual devices in research article abstracts written by native and non-native writers of English. Journal of Applied Linguistics & Language Learning 1(1). 24-29.
Farzannia, Sara and Maryam Farnia. 2017. Genre-based analysis of English and Persian research article abstracts in mining Engineering journals. Beyond Words 5(1). 1-13.
Geçíklí, Merve. 2013. A genre-analysis study on the rhetorical organization of English and Turkish PhD theses in the field of English language teaching. International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology 3(6). 50-58.
Ghasemi, Tahereh and Seyyed M. Alavi. 2014. A comparative move analysis study of theses abstracts written by Iranian MA students of TEFL and English literature. Online International Journal of Arts and Humanities 3(1). 5-15.
Hartley, James and Lucy Betts. 2009. Common weaknesses in traditional abstracts in the social sciences. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 60. 2010-2018.
Hyland, Ken. 2000. Disciplinary discourses: Social interactions in academic writing. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education Limited, Longman
Hyland, Ken. 2002. Teaching and researching writing. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.
Hyland, Ken. 2005. Metadiscourse; Exploring Interaction in Writing. New York: Continuum.
Jin, Xin and Yan Shang. 2016. Analyzing metadiscourse in the English abstracts of BA theses. Journal of Language Teaching and Research 7(1). 210-215.
Kafes, Hüseyin. 2012. Cultural traces on the rhetorical organization of research article abstracts. International Journal on New Trends in Education & their Implications. 207-220.
Kondowe, Wellman. 2014. Hedging and boosting as interactional metadiscourse in literature doctoral dissertation abstracts. International Journal of Language Learning and Applied Linguistics World 5(3). 214-221.
Li, Yun. 2011. A genre analysis of English and Chinese research article abstracts in Linguistics and Chemistry. Master’s thesis at San Diego State University, USA. Available at: http://scholarworks.calstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10211.10/1128/Li_Yun.pdf?sequence=1 [Accessed: 15 May, 2016]
Liu, Ping and Xu Huang. 2017. A study of interactional metadiscourse in English abstracts and Chinese economics research articles. Higher Education Studies 7(3). 25-41.
Marefat, Hamideh and Shirin Mohammadzadeh. 2013. Genre analysis of literature research article abstracts: A cross-linguistic, cross-cultural study. Applied Research on English Language 2(2). 37-50.
Maswana, Sayako, Kanamaru, Toshiyuki and Akira Tajino. 2015. Move analysis of research articles across five Engineering fields: What they share and what they do no. Ampersand 2. 1-11.
Menezes, Ciléia A. 2013. A comparative study of textual and rhetorical features of abstracts written by expert and novice writers. A Palavrada 3. 10-18.
Nasseri, Davood and Babak Nematoliahi. 2014. A contrastive genre analysis of the abstracts of Master of Arts (MA) theses in Applied Linguistics written by native and non-native speakers of English with respect to moves and move markers. Indian Journal of Scientific Research 7(1). 1353-1366.
Oneplee, Jiraporn. 2008. Genre analysis of scientific abstracts: A comparative study of Science and Nature journals. Master’s thesis at Mahhidol University, Thailand Available at: http://mulinet11.li.mahidol.ac.th/thesis/2551/cd420/4936532.pdf [Accessed: 15 May, 2016]
Pho, Phuong D. 2008. Research article abstracts in applied linguistics and educational technology: A study of linguistic realizations of rhetorical structure and authorial stance. Discourse Studies 10(2). 231-250.
Piqué-Noguera, Carmen. 2012. Writing business research article abstracts: A genre approach. Ibérica 24. 211-232.
Ren, Hongwei and Yuying Li. 2011. A comparison study on the rhetorical moves of abstracts in published research articles and Masters foreign language theses. English Language Teaching 4(1). 162-166.
Saboori, Fahimeh and Mohammad R. Hashemi. 2013. A cross-disciplinary move analysis of research article abstracts. International Journal of Language Learning & Applied Linguistics World 4(4). 483-496.
San, Lam Y. and Helen Tan. 2012. A comparative study of the rhetorical moves in abstracts of published research articles and students’ term papers in the field of computer and communication systems engineering. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature 1(7). 40-50.
Santos, Mauro B.D. 1996. The textual organization of research paper abstracts in Applied Linguistics. Text 16(4). 481-499.
Suntara, Watinee and Siriluck Usaha. 2013. Research article abstracts in two related disciplines: Rhetorical variation between Linguistics and Applied Linguistics. English Language Teaching 6(2). 84-99.
Swales, John M. (2004). Research Genres: Exploration and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feak. 2009. Abstracts and the writing of abstracts. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
Talebzadeh, Hossein et al. 2013. Steps to a successful abstract: A comparative genre analysis. International Journal of Humanities 20(3). 1-25.
Tseng, Fan-ping. (2011). Analyses of move structure and verb tense of research article abstracts in Applied Linguistics journals. International Journal of English Linguistics 1(2). 27-39.
Zanina, Elena. 2017. Move structure of research article abstracts on Management: Contrastive study (the case of English and Russian). Journal of Language and Education 3(2). 63-72.