Qualitative Sociology Review 2024-02-19T08:30:10+01:00 Redakcja QSR Open Journal Systems <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><em>Qualitative Sociology Review</em>&nbsp;is the journal of Symbolic Interactionism, Grounded Theories, Social Worlds/Arenas Studies, Action Studies, Biographical Analysis, Conversation Analysis, Collaborative Social Research, Content Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Deconstructivism, Ethnography, Ethnoscience, Ethnomethodology, Evaluation Social Research, Hermeneutics, Holistic Ethnography, Institutional Ethnography, Phenomenology, Phenomenography, Narrative Studies, Naturalistic Studies, Social Anthropology, Qualitative Case Studies and other qualitative orientations within social sciences.</p> </div> Ethical and Methodological Dilemmas in Qualitative Research Conducted among Vulnerable Groups—Guest Editors’ Introduction 2024-02-16T11:35:02+01:00 Małgorzata Bieńkowska Urszula Kluczyńska Anna Maria Kłonkowska 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Book Review. Bjørgo, Tore, ed. 2005. Root Causes of Terrorism: Myths, Reality and Ways Forward. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge 2024-02-19T08:30:03+01:00 Pavel Ahmed Mst. Safia Akter 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Researching Vulnerable Groups: Definitions, Controversies, Dilemmas, and the Researcher’s Personal Entanglement 2024-02-19T08:30:10+01:00 Urszula Kluczyńska Anna Maria Kłonkowska Małgorzata Bieńkowska <p>The article aims to describe vulnerable groups in the context of qualitative research in social science with special attention to ethical and methodological dilemmas. This is a theoretical study, which does not aspire to offer solutions or guidelines, but rather show elements worth taking notice of and analyzing when research is planned and carried out. We argue that in the social sciences, vulnerability is relational and crucial. However, social science researchers perceive the category of vulnerability as ambiguous and nuanced. This article shows that ascribing research participants univocally to a vulnerable group may lead not only to them being stereotyped and deprived of individuality but also to a situation where the research act itself disempowers them. We also argue that apart from issues often raised concerning the protection of participants from vulnerable groups, the researcher and their protection are also pivotal, particularly when the researcher, due to their involvement, abandons the out-group perspective or when they belong to the vulnerable group.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 The Conceptual Metaphor as an Ethical Kaleidoscope in Field Research 2024-02-19T08:30:07+01:00 Maria Flis Karol Piotrowski <p><span class="char-style-override-8" xml:lang="en-US">Attention to metaphor as a tool for cognition and action has already been called by the classic work by Georg Lakoff and Mark Johnson—</span><span class="char-style-override-19" xml:lang="en-US">Metaphors We Live By</span><span class="char-style-override-8" xml:lang="en-US">&nbsp;(1980). However, some four decades after this publication’s first edition, the role of metaphor as a useful instrument in empirical research seems to have been forgotten. Therefore, the first step taken in the text at hand is to highlight that codes of ethics neither resolve nor befit the dynamically shifting circumstances of research conducted in the field. Ethical codes are often insufficient. Hence, an objective here will be to critically assess the broad application of such codes in general. The second step will be to turn to metaphor as a tool in developing the sociological imagination as understood by C. Wright Mills. The metaphor can also assist in finding oneself when confronted with difficult, ambiguous circumstances that may arise during fieldwork. Metaphor as a tool, as an ethical kaleidoscope coherently links the field research experience precisely with the sociological imagination.</span></p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Biographical Work of Parents of Children with Non-Normative Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity 2024-02-16T11:34:54+01:00 Katarzyna Gajek <p class="podstawowy para-style-override-19" xml:lang="pl-PL"><span class="char-style-override-8" xml:lang="en-US">This paper aims to reconstruct the biographical work (Corbin and Strauss) undertaken by parents of non-normative people. The initiating event of biographical work is the disclosure of a&nbsp;non-normative sexual orientation and/or gender identity by the child. For many parents, this is an event that causes a breakdown of previous schemes of action, a gradual loss of control, and suffering.</span></p> <p class="podstawowy para-style-override-30" xml:lang="pl-PL">The empirical data consist of autobiographical narratives of parents of people with non-normative sexual orientation and/or gender identity. The study involved mothers and fathers residing throughout Poland, who were selected according to the snowball procedure. The data were collected through the narrative interview technique and compiled according to the analytical procedure proposed by Fritz Schütze, which is part of the interpretative research paradigm.</p> <p class="podstawowy para-style-override-30" xml:lang="pl-PL">In the course of four parallel biographical processes (contextualizing, coming to terms, reconstituting identity, and recasting biography), the new experience is integrated into the biography, its consequences are understood and accepted, a coherent identity is reconstituted and a new course for one’s life are charted. The analysis of the narrators’ biographical work has made it possible to identify three categories that organize the course of the parents’ lives and identities—stigma, normalization, and activism.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Transitioning (on the) Internet: Shifting Challenges and Contradictions of Ethics of Studying Online Gender Transition Narratives 2024-02-16T11:34:51+01:00 Joanna Chojnicka <p>The use of social media in qualitative research has become extremely popular. YouTube, in particular, has attracted attention from scholars working on (self-)representation of minority groups, including the transgender community (e.g., Dame 2013; Horak 2014). Most academic disciplines, however, have been slow in responding to the increasingly challenging nature of social media in terms of their ethics and methodologies. For example, there is a common misconception that any publicly available YouTube videos can be freely used for research. Many studies openly reference the YouTube channels they discuss (Wotanis and McMillan 2014) or anonymize data, but do not seek informed consent from creators (Raun 2020). What is more, researchers rarely reflect on how their work could impact the communities under study or the way creators use social media (Leonelli et al. 2021). At the same time, researchers wishing to protect vulnerable communities may find themselves falling short of FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and re-usable) research principles required by funders. In this contribution, I discuss these and other challenges using, as a case study, my project, which investigates gender transition narratives on Polish social media. I wish to show that there is no one-fits-all approach to the ethics of social media studies—as the very nature of social media is in constant flux—and call for attentiveness and reflexivity as an inextricable component of qualitative social media research methodology.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024 “Am I Going to Die?” Considering the Preparation for Research on an Example of Hospice Patients 2024-02-16T11:34:45+01:00 Weronika Kamińska <p>This article concerns the situations experienced by the researcher in one of the sensitive research groups—hospice patients. The article is based on the author’s experiences in three studies in Poland—94 in-depth interviews and observations in inpatient and home care hospices. Through the seven presented categories the author faced during the interviews, she analyzes the dilemmas of conducting qualitative research from a practical perspective. During studies, we learn about our preferences, sometimes defining ourselves on one of the sides—becoming a quantitative or qualitative researcher, thus deciding further scientific paths. Conducting qualitative research requires specific activities, including knowledge of the literature, selection of the proper method, and analysis of the research group (Silverman 2012). These principles turn out to be only the beginning of the process in which we intuitively, through trial and error, pave the way to deal with demanding situations, previously inexperienced emotions, coordination, and technical and ethical problems. Some studies require special preparation, particularly considering the specificity of certain research groups, such as hospice patients, who will face the dying process soon.</p> 2024-01-31T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2024