Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Germanica https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><em>Acta Universitatis Lodziensis</em><em>. Folia Germanica</em> ukazuje się od roku 1997 i „jest kontynuatorem wcześniejszych serii, w ramach których ukazywały się publikacje łódzkie, jak np.&nbsp;<em>Folia Litteraria&nbsp;</em>czy&nbsp;<em>Folia Linguistica</em>&nbsp;(z Przedmowy do tomu 1.). Jest pismem naukowym Katedry Językoznawstwa Niemieckiego i Stosowanego oraz Katedry Literatury i Kultury Niemiec, Austrii i Szwajcarii. Początkowo Zeszyty ukazywały się w nieregularnych, 2- lub 3-letnich, odstępach czasowych i nie posiadały jednoznacznego zawężenia tematycznego. Obecnie <em>Acta Universitatis Lodziensis</em><em>. Folia Germanica </em>ukazuje się regularnie w odstępach rocznych ze sprecyzowaną tematyką danego tomu. Od zeszytu 7 (2011 r.) z redakcją współpracują wybitni germaniści z kraju i zagranicy.</p> </div> Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego en-US Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Germanica 1427-9665 Zum Geleit https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11370 Witold Sadziński Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 7 7 Bibliographie zu (Interferenz)Fehlern und kontrastiv-glottodidaktischen Studien https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11387 Tomasz Maras Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 101 132 10.18778/1427-9665.15.07 Two Germanic words for ‘herring’ https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11377 <p>The paper discusses the origin of two Germanic terms for ‘Atlantic herring, <em>Clupea harengus </em>L.’. The Proto-Germanic noun <em>*siled- </em>m. ‘herring’, attested in most North Germanic languages (e.g. ON. <em>sild</em>, Far. <em>síld</em>, OSv. <em>sild</em>, Sv. <em>sill</em>, Norw. <em>sil</em>), cannot be treated as inherited. It seems to represent a Saami (or Laponian) borrowing, cf. Saa. (Northern) <em>sâlled</em>, (Lule) <em>sallēt </em>‘herring’ &lt; Proto-Saami <em>*silä-tɜ </em>‘herring’ (orig. ‘fat fish’) &lt; Ur. <em>*śilä </em>‘fat, grease, esp. fish grease’). The competing Germanic appellative <em>*hēringaz </em>(&lt; <em>*hairingaz</em>) m. ‘<em>Clupea harengus </em>L.’ is well-attested in the West Germanic languages (cf. E. <em>herring</em>, Du. <em>haring</em>, G. <em>Hering</em>), as well as in Romance (cf. It. <em>arenga</em>, Fr. <em>harenge</em>, Prov. <em>arenc</em>, Sp. <em>arenque</em>). It cannot be excluded that the Old Frisian word <em>hēreng </em>represents the original source of the European borrowing. The word in question is a Proto-Germanic innovation derived from the adjective <em>*hairaz </em>‘gray’ by means of the common suffix <em>*-ingaz</em>, cf. the two old appellatives <em>*bukkingaz </em>m. ‘hot-smoked herring’ (&lt; PG. <em>*bukkaz </em>m. ‘he-goat’) and <em>*hwītingaz </em>m. ‘whiting, the marine fish <em>Merlangius merlangus </em>L.’ (&lt; PG. <em>*hwītaz </em>adj. ‘white’)<em>.</em></p> Krzysztof Tomasz Witczak Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 9 18 10.18778/1427-9665.15.01 Lyrical urban pictures of the New Objectivity https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11378 <p>For the New Objectivity art, both literature and paintings, urban reality played a significant role. The aesthetics of the New Objectivity, movement that bloomed in the 20s and 30s, was defined through urban issues. This tendency can be observed primarily in the so-called Zeitroman that became a topic of interest for German literary studies earlier. In contrast to the prose, the New Objectivity poetry was rarely an object of studies. In the article, selected urban verses are analysed and connected with the New Objectivity paintings on a modernist background.</p> Wolfgang Brylla Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 19 30 10.18778/1427-9665.15.02 Literary work by Gerold Tietz – Literary Engagement of an expelled German https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11383 <p>Gerold Tietz was born in 1941 in Horka (north Bohemia) in a family of Sudeten Germans. Germans lived in this village together with Czechs, Roma people and Jews. The family also involved Czech relatives and many of German relatives spoke good Czech and kept relations with Czech cultural groups.</p> <p>After the war Gerold Tietz and his family were expelled to Swabia. He studied history, French and political science. From 1969 the graduated historian lived in Esslingen where he taught in the grammar school for thirty years.</p> <p>In the autobiographically oriented novels <em>Böhmische Fuge </em>(1997), <em>Böhmisches Richtfest </em>(2007) and in <em>Böhmische Grätschen </em>(2009) Tietz tried to depict official social-political events connected with famous political and cultural figures as well as the stories of ordinary days of “small people” who had to face the consequences of historic changes which influenced their lives.</p> <p>The paper analyses the conditions of Czech and German coexistence and confronts the authentic historic context. Nevertheless, negative features of these ethnic groups are not overlooked and the positive ones are presented as a positive contribution to the current European multiculturalism.</p> Jan Kubica Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 31 43 10.18778/1427-9665.15.03 German fortifications of Tomaszów Mazowiecki and the surrounding area. Types and kinds of shelters https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11384 <p>The article presents the military fortifications built by the Germans during World War II near Tomaszów Mazowiecki in the years 1940–1944, especially the long belt of fortifications called Piliza Stellung, although it focuses on a relatively short section running along the Pilica River from Sulejów to Inowłódz and Lubocz (near Rzeczyca). The paper discusses various types of shelters, and more broadly presents the preserved military fortifications in Tomaszów Mazowiecki and the railway shelter complexes (“Anlage Mitte”) in Konewka and Jelenia.</p> Paweł Grad Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 45 66 10.18778/1427-9665.15.04 “Tomaschower Amtliche Zeitung” (1915–1917) as a historical source https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11385 <p>“Gazeta Urzędowa Tomaszowska” (“Tomaschower Amtliche Zeitung”) was an organ of the Municipality of Tomaszów Mazowiecki. It appeared twice a week from December 1915 to June 1917. The magazine was printed in German and Polish. It contained ordinances and announcements of the occupying central and local authorities, as well as semi-official and private announcements. In total, 160 issues of the magazine were published. The article discusses the content of TAZ, emphasizing the undeniable historical value of the magazine for the history of Tomaszów Mazowiecki during the First World War.</p> Jerzy Wojniłowicz Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 67 81 10.18778/1427-9665.15.05 The front-line soldier sees himself and the enemies – a brief outline https://czasopisma.uni.lodz.pl/germanica/article/view/11386 <p>The presented article is an attempt to describe in a synthetic way an own vision of a German front-line soldier of the First World War. It also tries to show an image of some enemies – the French, the British and the Russians.</p> <p>The attempt was made on the basis of recollection material and literary forms created either during or soon after the war.</p> <p>The conclusion is unequivocal – the more contact the authors of the texts had with the opponent, the more balanced image of the enemy they presented in their texts and the less were they prone to overestimate the German soldier.</p> <p>Yet the press material contained a lot of exaggeration. The authors created a haughty and sometimes even superhuman image of the German soldier. At the same time the image of the enemy was inhuman and deserving contempt.</p> Anatol Kapphengst Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 15 83 100 10.18778/1427-9665.15.06