Collectanea Philologica 2022-04-27T08:31:20+02:00 Adriana Grzelak-Krzymianowska Open Journal Systems <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p>W <em>Collectanea Philologica</em> publikowane są artykuły naukowe oraz recenzje wydawnicze, które stawiają sobie za cel propagowanie wiedzy o szeroko pojętej kulturze starożytnej Grecji i Rzymu. Materiał naukowy dzielony jest na trzy podstawowe dziedziny: hellenistyka, latynistyka, recepcja. Tematyka artykułów zawiera się w szeroko zakrojonych granicach literatury, języka, historii i filozofii świata starożytnego oraz recepcji antyku w kulturze nowożytnej. Odrębną część stanowi dział poświęcony recenzjom. Przedstawiane w <em>Collectanea Philologica</em><strong><em> </em></strong>prace są autorstwa zarówno uznanych w dziedzinie antyku autorytetów polskich i zagranicznych, jak i młodych przedstawicieli nauki, w tym także doktorantów. </p> <p><a href=""><em>Collectanea Philologica </em>na platformie Digital Commons (Elsevier)</a></p> </div> Motyw winy Heleny w tradycji epickiej i w dyskursie 2022-04-27T08:31:20+02:00 Karol Zieliński <p>The paper takes up the issue of Helen’s guilt for the outbreak of the Trojan war present in the <em>Iliad</em> and in the oral epic tradition. It puts forward a thesis that in order to blame others or to free themselves from blame epic heroes employ the typical in oral culture technique of conducting disputes. Like other characters in the <em>Iliad</em>, Helen, is also under constant social pressure which seeks to find her guilty and, in effect, to activate a mechanism of making a scapegoat of her. To defend herself, she risks self-accusations in order to make it impossible for other people to bring a charge against her. Helen cares about her good opinion in the Trojan society and particularly in the circle of women.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Anty-Aleksander? Wizerunek Demetriusza Poliorketesa w "Żywocie Demetriusza" Plutarcha z Cheronei 2022-04-27T08:31:17+02:00 Tomasz Zieliński <p>The assumption that imitation of Alexander the Great played a key role in the image of Demetrius Poliorcetes has been broadly accepted by many researchers. The main source on this subject is Plutarch’s <em>Life of Demetrius</em> where the author directly compares these two Macedonian kings and depicts Demetrius as a failed imitator of Alexnader. However, the juxtaposition of numerous other parts in that biography with fragments of <em>Life of Alexander</em> demonstrates that Plutarch purpose was creating the image of Demetrius as a sort of anti-Alexander.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Ofiara zwierzęca w obrzędowości starożytnych Rzymian: rekonstrukcja rytuału ofiarnego w świetle antycznych świadectw literackich 2022-04-27T08:31:14+02:00 Idaliana Kaczor <p>Religious ceremonies in ancient Rome, foundational for its cult, made manifest the communal piety by the means of sacrificial rites. Adopting a formalist religious approach, the Romans carefully regulated the sacrificial process (<em>sacrificium</em>). Partially preserved literary sources in theory allow one to reconstruct the sequence of acts comprising a Roman sacrificial rite, with the following article employing said sources to propose a template for a Roman animal sacrifice ritual.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Miłość i poezja w Elegii 2.30 Sekstusa Propercjusza 2022-04-27T08:31:11+02:00 Antoni Bobrowski <p>Elegy 2.30 has been considered to be one of Propertius’ most difficult poems due to its complicated sequence of thought and distant associations noticeable in the discourse, which was often the reason for dividing the text into two separate poems. The article is an interpretative proposal aimed at demonstrating the integrity of 2.30, which was obtained by the poet by combining the concept of love with the concept of love poetry, as well as by using subtly constructed mythological references.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Redness as Perceived through the Eyes of the Romans 2022-04-27T08:31:09+02:00 Marta Czapińska-Bambara Zbigniew Danek <p>The article is an attempt to revise the long-established belief in the alabaster-white exterior shape of Roman antiquity, which in fact turns out to be full of colours that bring life to its image. The authors implement this intention by indicating how intensely the colour red was present in the reality described by classical Latin authors – contrary to the accusation that one of the participants of the discussion on this subject in Aulus Gellius’ Attic Nights (Gell. Noc. Att. 2.26) makes of the alleged poverty regarding various shades of red in Latin terminology. The material presented contradicts the opinion expressed in Gellius’ text, and at the same time makes us realise how colourful and lively the world that emerges from the literary works of the classical Roman period was. In comparison with it, the reality witnessed by the literature of the Christian era – this parallel is what the authors of the article focus on, concluding their deliberations – in which red becomes almost exclusively a sign of shame, turns out to be ascetically sterile and depressingly colourless.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Wizerunek kobiety w "Eklodze II" Nemezjana 2022-04-27T08:31:06+02:00 Anna Kucz <p>The aim of the article is to analyse the image of a woman in the <em>II Eclogue</em> written by Nemesianus. Moreover, the text describes somatic symptoms used in the evidentiary proceedings in the case of loss of virginity and leading to the accused woman’s isolation.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 "Idem aliter", czyli o dwóch opisach dyplomatycznej podróży do Persji w poezji późnego antyku (Claud. Cons. Stil.. I 51–68; Sid. Carm. II 75–88) 2022-04-27T08:31:04+02:00 Tomasz Babnis <p>Two Latin poets of late antiquity, Claudian and Sidonius Apollinaris, included in their verse panegyrics short descriptions of diplomatic journey to Persia. The first mentioned the mission of Stilicho himself in “Panegyric on the consulate of Stilicho” (400 AD), whereas the latter described the mission of Procopius, father of the honorand in the “Panegyric on the consulate of Anthemius” (468 AD). Since Sidonius was in many ways imitator of Claudian, these pieces show a great deal of similarity both in content and form (especially in wording). However, closer scrutiny enables us to discover some differences in the treatment of Oriental topics as well as in general attitude to the praised heroes. Such an analysis allows us an insight into the image of Iranian world created in the Roman poetry as well as the question of sources used by late Latin poets. This paper can be also treated as a small contribution to the discussion on Sidonius’ imitation of Claudian poetry.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Minima Onomastica Graeca Alpharabia: Notes on the Treatise "Tafsir Asma Al-Hukama" 2022-04-27T08:31:01+02:00 Mostafa Younesie <p>One of the treatises attributed to the scholar and philosopher al-Farabi is the fascinating single- page manuscript entitled <strong>tafsir asma al-hukama</strong>, a small document containing a shorthand inventory of fourteen Greek names. Although the authenticity of the attribution is still debated, the treatise itself demonstrates that its author had a strong interest in the interplay of philology and philosophy – a theme that first appears in a remarkable passage in Plato’s <em>Politeia</em>, namely Book IX, 582e. This paper therefore will examine the nature of the <strong>tafsir asma al-hukama</strong>, especially with regard to the title, which I leave untranslated until the last part of the paper, since the exact meaning of the words in the title forms a major part of my argument. Although the <strong>tafsir asma al-hukama</strong> is seemingly a very minor text, I believe that it represents a fascinating moment in the history of the dialogue between philology and philosophy. The result of my examination, then, will be a kind of <em>maxima in minimis</em> or hologram on a minor scale. I shall begin with a discussion of the importance of <em>ism</em> in al-Farabi.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Renesansowy poemat "Sarca" jako "aemulatio" z autorami antycznymi 2022-04-27T08:30:58+02:00 Daria Kowalczyk-Cantoro <p>The aim of this article is to analyse the Renaissance poem <em>Sarca</em>, whose authorship is attributed to the Italian humanist Pietro Bembo, and to indicate the ancient inspirations of the work. The main model for the work is <em>Carmen</em> 64 by Catullus, although the author also refers to other Roman poets. The intertextual relations between <em>Sarca</em> and the hypotexts are presented on various levels. The analysis focuses on showing parallel elements of the setting and takes in consideration the few similarities at the linguistic and stylistic level. Genre-wise <em>Sarca</em> is classified as an epithalamium of an aythiological character. Its characteristics typical of the Renaissance era are also highlighted. The article also brings up the history of the poem and the topic of its attribution, presenting an extensive state of research.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Pasja i antyk. Wawrzyńca Korwina (1465–1527) rozważania wielkanocne 2022-04-27T08:30:56+02:00 Robert K. Zawadzki <p>The article is an attempt of interpretation of seven poems written by Wawrzyniec Korwin which were inserted in St. Bonaventura`s homilies and constitute forms of prayers to be said daily by Christians. The author analyses the artistic skill of the language used by the poet. His poems keep fascinating their readers because of their language, i.e. style as a system of remarkable pattern of linguistic elements and ancient metre.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Orszak Dionizosa: Waza Townleya i jej poznańskie kopie 2022-04-27T08:30:53+02:00 Rafał Rosół <p>At the main entrance to the Adam Mickiewicz Park in Poznań, there are two identical stone vases with ancient motives. The author indicates that they are not merely neoclassical works from the beginning of the 20th century, but copies of the famous Townley Vase dating back to the Roman times. Then, he focuses on the retinue of Dionysus on the main frieze of the vase and discusses all ten figures occurring in it.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 The Mythical Underworlds of Francis Stevens and Daphne du Maurier 2022-04-27T08:30:51+02:00 Mercedes Aguirre <p>This article analyses two stories by women writers (<em>The Heads of Cerberus</em> by Francis Stevens (1952) and <em>The Breakthrough</em> by Daphne du Maurier (1964)), which could both be considered as belonging to the genre of science fiction. These stories do not follow the ‘canonical’ or more popular type of underworld narrative, especially the idea of the <em>katabasis</em> or descent to the underworld and the encounter with the dead, a motif which has often been present in Western culture since classical antiquity and has generated numerous narratives. Rather, they evoke the classical myth of the underworld through the use of certain names (such as Charon and Cerberus) as well as exploring other concepts which coincide with ancient Greek accounts of the topography and inhabitants of the world of the dead, the realm ruled over by Hades.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Recepcja mitu o córkach Minyasa w powieści "Frenzy" Percivala Everetta 2022-04-27T08:30:48+02:00 Monika Wesołowska <p>This paper deals with the myth of Minyas’ daughters in the novel <em>Frenzy</em> by Percival Everett, a Distinguished Professor of English at the University of Southern California. He has brought forward a new interpretation of that myth in his book. The main theme is the story of god Dionysus based on Euripides’ <em>Bacchae</em> to which the author adds other mythes. References to Ovid, Aelian and Antoninus Liberalis can also be found.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Jan Nepomucen Józef Braun (1926–2015), filolog klasyczny, orientalista, kartwelista, sumerolog 2022-04-27T08:30:46+02:00 Krzysztof Tomasz Witczak <p>Jan Braun, born on 15th May 1926 in Łódź, studied classical philology and classical archaeology at the University of Lodz (years 1947–1951). His MA thesis (1951) was devoted to the ethnogenesis of the Etruscans. He also worked as junior assistant at the Department of Classical Archaeology, University of Lodz (from May 1949 do September 1950) and later as junior lecturer at the Department of Classical Philology of the same university (from October 1950 to September 1951). In October 1951, Braun left for Georgia in order to complete his doctoral studies. From there he returned to Poland as PhD, specializing in Georgian and other oriental languages, especially the ancient languages of the Near East. In the years 1955–2002, he worked at the University of Warsaw, initially as assistant professor. In 1970, he became associate professor. In 1991, he received the higher doctoral degree (habilitation), and in 1995 he obtained the position of full professor. He studied the genetic relations of ancient and modern languages, including a suggested Basque-Kartvelian connection. During his habilitation colloquium, he gave an interesting lecture entitled <em>Basic problems of historical-comparative research over the ancient languages of the Mediterranean area</em> (Warsaw, May 28th, 1991), which is presented in Appendix No. 1 (with some comments and bibliographical references). The paper presents Braun’s main fields of research and his achievements made in Łódź (Poland), Tbilisi (Georgia) and Warsaw. According to Braun’s view, suggested as early as 1951, Etruscan represents an external member of the Anatolian languages (deriving from Luwian), so that it belongs to the Indo-European language family. In his opinion, Basque is a western member of the South Caucasian (or Kartvelian) family.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Book Review: Thanos Zartaloudis, "The Birth of Nomos", Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019 2022-04-27T08:30:43+02:00 Jan Skarbek-Kazanecki <p>This paper contains a critical assessment of the <em>The Birth of Nomos</em> (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2019) of Thanos Zartaloudis. It describes the key assumptions made in this recent publication, as well as the content of each chapter, judging on its merits and defects.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021 Recenzja książki: "Errando discimus?" – O pewnej gramatyce języka łacińskiego 2022-04-27T08:30:41+02:00 Joanna Pieczonka <p>The article concerns the Latin Grammar by Emilia Kubicka, published in 2019. The book presents the rules of the Latin pronunciation, conjugation, declension of the nouns, adjectives, numerals, pronouns, and the indeclinable parts of speech such as adverbs and prepositions. However, the grammar does not present all the principles that govern the structure of Latin sentences, and the book has numerous errors.</p> 2021-12-28T00:00:00+01:00 Prawa autorskie (c) 2021