The End of the Myth of the Cuban Exile? Current Trends in Cuban Emigration

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18778/1641-4233.25.05

Keywords:

Cuba, exile, Cuban diaspora, myth, Roland Barthes

Abstract

Cuban migrants are considered as and referred to as exiles. However, in the face of the economic transformations in Cuba, as well as the rapprochement between the U.S. and Cuba, it has become necessary to revise the epistemological and semiotic foundations of this phenomenon. The current migratory trends among the Cubans do not meet the definition of exiles. Thus, the title of this article reflects the research assumption and the principal aim that the current circumstances in Cuba, as well as the migratory flows of Cubans mark the decline of the myth of the Cuban exile; a myth built by the media.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Katarzyna Dembicz, University of Warsaw, American Studies Center

Katarzyna Dembicz – Ph.D., since 1992 at the University of Warsaw, currently as an associate professor in the American Studies Center. Editor-in-Chief of the scientific journal Ameryka Łacińska [Latin America]. She specialises in regional integration and social and demographic changes in Latin America and the Caribbean. In 2017 Professeur invité at the IHEA Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3. Polish National Science Centre-funded an international project: Quo vadis Cuba? Impication for Europe and Poland; at present Head of the “Discourses and development dilemmas of Central American local communities” project (Polish National Science Centre); member of the Jean Monnet Network Foro Europa-Cuba, coordinated by CIDOB Barcelona, Spain. Author of numerous academic publications, i.a. PosCuba. Lo imponderable de la transformación insular (2016); Cuba Actual y Futura. Realidad Económica y Transformación Politica y Social (Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica 2014); Barboza Lizano, O. & Dembicz, K., “Environmental Cuba versus Economic transformation”. EUROPA XXI (2017).

References

Aja Díaz, Antonio. “La emigración cubana en los años noventa.” Cuban Studies 30 (1999): 1–25.
Google Scholar

Aja Díaz, Antonio, Rodríguez Soriano, María Ofelia, Orosa Busutil, Rebeca, & Albizu-Campos Espiñeira, Juan Carlos. “La migración internacional de cubanos. Escenarios actuales.” Revista Novedades en Población, 13(2017): 40–57. Web. 22 May 2019 http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1817–40782017000200004
Google Scholar

Barthes, Roland. Mitologías, México: Siglo XXI, 1999.
Google Scholar

Cortaya, Rolando. “Más de 50.000 cubanos ingresaron a EE.UU. en el año fiscal 2016.” Radio Televisión Martí (October, 2016). Web. 15 March 2019 https://www.radiotelevisionmarti.com/a/mas-de-50000-cubanos-ingresaron-a-eeuu-en-el-ano-fiscal-2016/131276.html
Google Scholar

Datosmacro.com “Cuba. Emigrantes totals.” (2017). Web. 15 March 2019 https://datosmacro.expansion.com/demografia/migracion/emigracion/cuba
Google Scholar

Dembicz, Katarzyna (Ed.). Cuba: .quo vadis? Warszawa: Centrum Studiów Latynoamerykańskich UW, 2013.
Google Scholar

Diario de Cuba (DDC). “Funcionarios cubanos piden más rigor en estadísticas sobre emigración en la Isla.” (July, 2016). Web. 10 March 2015 http://www.diariodecuba.com/cuba/1468329710_23782.html
Google Scholar

Duany, Jorge. Blurred Borders: Transnational Migration between the Hispanic Caribbean and the United States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2011.
Google Scholar

Duany, Jorge. “Cuban Migration: A Postrevolution Exodus Ebbs and Flows.” Migration Information Source. Migration Policy Institute (2017): Web. 15 March 2019 https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/cuban-migration-postrevolution-exodus-ebbs-and-flows
Google Scholar

Duany, Jorge (Ed.). Un pueblo disperse. Dimensiones sociales y culturales de la diáspora cubana. Afuana Vieja Editorial, 2014.
Google Scholar

Eckstein Susan, Mette Louise Berg, “Cubans in the United States and Spain: The Diaspora Generational Divide.” Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies 18 1/2 (Spring/Summer 2009): 159–183.
Google Scholar

Israel, Nico. Outlandish: Writing between Exile and Diaspora. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2000.
Google Scholar

Krogstad, Jens Manuel. “Surge in Cuban Immigration to U.S. Continued through 2016.” Pew Research Center (January 13, 2017): Web 20 February 2019 http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/01/13/cuban-mmigration-to-u-s-surges-as-relations-warm/
Google Scholar

Maldonado, Henry. I fell Cuba. (2009): Web 20 February 2019 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LDamBl5JvJA
Google Scholar

Pedraza, Silvia Political Disaffection in Cuba’s Revolution and Exodus. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Google Scholar

República de Cuba. “Gaceta Oficial no. 41 Extraordinaria de 18 de diciembre 2015.” (December 2015): Web. 10 April 2019 http://media.cubadebate.cu/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Ley-No.-1312-%E2%80%9CLey-de-Migraci%C3%B3n%E2%80%9D-Edici%C3%B3n-Actualizada.pdf
Google Scholar

Safran, William. “Diaspora in Modern Societies: Myth of Homeland and Return.” Diaspora A Journal of Transnational Studies, 1.1 (1991): 83–99. http://doi.org/10.1353/dsp.1991.000
Google Scholar

Televisión Martí. “43.159 cubanos llegan en último ano fiscal a EEUU; superan éxodo de balseros del 94,” (November 2015): Web 20 February 2019 http://www.martinoticias.com/a/mas-de-43000-cubanos-llegaron-2015-eeuu/108339.html
Google Scholar

Downloads

Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Dembicz, K. (2020). The End of the Myth of the Cuban Exile? Current Trends in Cuban Emigration. International Studies. Interdisciplinary Political and Cultural Journal, 25(1), 75-88. https://doi.org/10.18778/1641-4233.25.05