Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Oeconomica <div style="text-align: justify;"> <p><em>Acta Universitatis Lodziensis Folia Oeconomica</em> (FoE) is a <a href="">peer-reviewed</a>, bimonthly publishing online original theoretical and empirical articles as well as policy-related and review articles covering all the disciplines of economic sciences or related to them.</p> <p> </p> </div> Lodz University Press en-US Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Oeconomica 0208-6018 Estimating the Value of Dissonant Cultural Heritage. Valuation of Non‑market Goods Using the Stated Preference Methods on the Example of a Modernistic Office and Commercial Complex <p>The concept of dissonant cultural heritage is well recognized in the literature. It appears in several perspectives, in relation to shameful nation’s history, fratricidal wars, totalitarian past, political regime, or aesthetic. In this article, subject of research is dissonant heritage that was the legacy of Soviet regime times 1945–1989 and at the same time – modernistic architecture, which is ambiguous in aesthetic valuation. Modernistic architecture (from socialistic era in polish history – called socmodernism) is visible in every polish city. It is used for residential, cultural, economic, public and other functions.</p> <p>Over the decades these buildings have devaluated in physical and moral aspects. More and more often in public discourse appears opinion which claim about necessity of removal these part of unwanted history from polish cities landscape. The question arises whether the removal through destruction or general renovation of cultural heritage is the best way to urban renewal?</p> <p>This particular work includes induction approach, basing on intentionally selected object, that indicate clear stigmatizing as well as historic features. The main aim of the work is to estimate the value of chosen socmodernistic object, which for many years was the most recognizable and dominant object in central area. The research challenge in this area was an appropriate selection and adaptation of valuation method and also results interpretation. Research were achieved basing on Stated Preference Methods (SPM). The subject of research is recognizable, distinctive for the city of Lodz and its residents, arbitrary chosen office and commercial complex – “Central”. The study was conducted among users of the facility. Research results prove that if a building is characterized by a high level of usability, its value remains high despite the stigmas of dissonant cultural heritage.</p> Zbigniew Przygodzki Ignacy Waleski Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-01 2021-03-01 1 352 7 23 10.18778/0208-6018.352.01 Usage of Scraped Data in Price Dynamic Measurement <p>Web‑scraping is a technique used to automatically extract data from websites. After the rise‑up of on‑lines shopping (which results in more shops posting their full price offer on their websites) it allows to acquire information about prices of goods sold by the retailers such as supermarkets or internet shops. Usage of web‑scraped data allows to lower the costs, improve the measurement quality and monitor the price change in real time. Due to before mentioned reasons this method became the object of research studies from both statistical offices (Eurostat, British Office of National Statistics, Belgium Statbel) and universities (for ex. Billion Prices Project conducted on MIT). However, usage of scrapped data for the CPI calculation entails with multiple challenges with their collection, processing and aggregation. The purpose of this article is to examine the possibility of using scrapped data in toy price dynamic analysis. Especially the purpose is to compare the results from different inde Xformulas. In this article the empirical study based on data from 4 different shops is presented (53 chosen products sold in Amazon, Wallmart, Smarterkids and KBKids).</p> Adam Juszczak Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-02 2021-03-02 1 352 25 37 10.18778/0208-6018.352.02 The Influence of Generation X and Y Employees on Modern Cities <p>The employee profile in the business world is becoming increasingly diverse. This change shows that the working population structure of cities has also diversified. The entry of different generation members into business life may mean that they have different perspectives and expectations for the organisations they work for. The main aim of the paper is to investigate the importance of the influence of the characteristics of Generation X and Y employees on professional and urban life. From this perspective, a study was carried out on 235 white‑collar employees working in service, sales and marketing businesses in the private sector in Istanbul in order to investigate the effects of Generation X and Y employee characteristics on working and urban life. The data were obtained in the course of a quantitative study carried out by means of an interview questionnaire using the CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview) technique. According to the literature, the entry of different generation members into business life means that they have different perspectives and expectations for the organisations and cities they work for. However, our research shows the completely opposite view that members of different generations do not have different characteristics and expectations.</p> Aygun Kam Justyna Trippner‑Hrabi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 352 39 61 10.18778/0208-6018.352.03 Eco‑innovations in the Enterprises – Determinants and Sources of Funding <p>The issue of eco‑innovation of enterprises is an important research area in the light of today’s economy. The implementation of ecological innovations in enterprises can bring many benefits, mainly related to lowering the costs of the company’s operations and increasing its competitiveness, and thus increasing the competitiveness of the Polish economy against the economies on a European and global scale.</p> <p>The aim of the study is to present selected issues related to the eco‑innovation of Polish enterprises, in particular their specificity, effectiveness, development factors and financing sources.</p> <p>The research conducted so far shows that most enterprises undertaking innovative activities in the field of ecology focus on innovative technological solutions, and to a lesser extent on changes in employment or organizational structure of the unit. Knowledge management is an equally important element in this activity.</p> <p>Investments in eco‑innovation so far are insufficient. This is the result of the lack of adequate financial and technical resources, as well as the lack of knowledge and qualified staff. Actions supporting the government and the institutional business environment seem necessary.</p> Dorota Burzyńska Dagmara Hajdys Copyright (c) 2021 2021-03-10 2021-03-10 1 352 63 86 10.18778/0208-6018.352.04 Measures of Population Ageing in Terms of the Potential Approach – Analysis Based on the Example of Poland <p>The article presents the proposals for population aging rates defined from the perspective of potential demography – in a static and dynamic perspective. It also presents the method of calculating life potentials for the population and for individual age groups, which are the starting point in potential demography. The values of the population aging rates in terms of the concepts of potential demography were calculated for Poland as a case study.</p> Joanna Adrianowska Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-01 2021-04-01 1 352 87 110 10.18778/0208-6018.352.05 Analysis of Household Income in Poland by Regions Based on Selected Income Distribution <p>Research on income distributions focuses mainly on attempts to match theoretical distributions to the empirical income distribution and on the analysis of these distributions. The analysis results show that three‑parameter models very well approximate the income distribution of many countries. The Daguma distribution is recognised in the literature on income research as one of the best three parameter income distribution models. In 2010 Zenga proposed a new three‑parameter model for economic size distribution which possesses interesting statistical properties. The aim of this paper is to use the Dagum and Zenga model to analyze the distribution of Polish household income by regions. The D’Addario invariant methods and the maximum likelihood method were used to estimate the density function parameters. The calculations presented in the paper has been based on the individual data coming from the random sample obtained within the Household Budget Survey by regions by the Central Statistical Office in 2016. The article presents income inequality measures based on the considered models. The results of the calculations confirm that Zenga distribution is a good income distribution model which can be applied to analyze the income households of the Polish population.</p> Kamila Trzcińska Copyright (c) 2021 2021-04-01 2021-04-01 1 352 111 126 10.18778/0208-6018.352.06